Demonstration Project of Public and Community Participatory Mangrove Conservation and Restoration in Satan River Area
Demonstration Project of Public and Community Participatory Mangrove Conservation and Restoration in Satan River Area
Baseline information:
Guangxi Beibu Gulf is located in the Indo-Myanmar region, the 34 most species-rich and threatened biodiversity hotspot in the world, and is a major target for global biodiversity conservation. It has become one of the richest marine biodiversity and highest carbon storage areas in China because of its typical marine key ecosystems such as mangroves, coral reefs and seagrass beds, which are unique.
Located in Beibu Gulf, Fangchenggang has a total area of 2,365.0hm2 of mangroves, which is the most typical bay mangrove and the largest urban mangrove, and is also the best preserved area of mangrove biodiversity in China, known as "Mangrove City". At the same time, Fangchenggang is located in the East Asia-Australia bird migration corridor, is an important international migratory bird migration corridor, including mangroves, including the rich coastal wetland types for migratory birds to stop, feeding, overwintering important place, for the global bird migration has a very important significance. Local patches of rich mangrove wetlands, for birds, benthic species and other organisms to provide important habitat.
In recent years, Fangchenggang city to implement the "ecological city, ecological city, ecological city" strategy, adhere to the ecological priority, environmental protection priority, energy saving priority, vigorously promote the construction of ecological civilization demonstration area, adhere to the blue sea and blue sky, and strive to build an ecological civilization coastal city. The unique local resources and policy inclination provide the conditions for us to select the mangrove forestable land and carry out mangrove ecological restoration work.
In May 2019, Beijing Entrepreneurs Environmental Foundation, Mangrove Foundation (MCF), Alaska SEE Bagui Project Center, and the People's Government of Fangchenggang signed a strategic cooperation agreement to jointly promote the planning and management of protected areas including the Fangchenggang Mangrove National Wetland Park. Currently, we are working to promote the planning and management of the protected areas including the Fangchenggang Mangrove National Wetland Park. As for scientific research and protection, Guangxi Mangrove Research Center was established in 1991 and has long been concerned with mangrove ecosystem protection and biodiversity maintenance in Beibu Gulf, and has provided technical support to local forestry departments and protected areas to carry out mangrove ecological restoration and protection.
The plot of land to be carried out for the project is Dongwan Shatanjiang, which is located inside Dongwan Wetland Park in Port District of Fangchenggang City, and is in the saline and freshwater intersection area. The land ownership is state-owned and is currently managed by the Forestry Bureau of Fangchenggang City on behalf of the city. At present, the wetland park is carrying out the PPP provincial wetland park for a period of 2 years of park infrastructure construction, according to the "Guangxi Mangrove Resources Protection Plan (2020 ~ 2030)", the scope here will be built in 2025 as a national wetland park.
At present, the surrounding land has been developed into a property community, and after the completion of each community, there will be a large number of urban communities living and living here, which will gradually increase the pressure on the ecological environment of the place, and it is urgent to carry out protection and education activities in order to achieve the overall protection and restoration of the existing mangrove forest. At the same time, the fishermen's economy, which has survived for generations, is in conflict with the upcoming wetland park.
With the support of the above organizations, our unit has obtained the pre-use and management rights of the project site, and is agreed by the competent authorities to be able to carry out activities such as mangrove rehabilitation, biodiversity survey, marine litter cleanup, and nature education here.
From January to December 2021, our organization has carried out the first phase of mangrove replanting with 30,000 seedlings, biodiversity background survey, and public mangrove planting and experience activities at the Inverted Water Argus. Among them, experts from Guangxi Mangrove Research Center, MCF and Guangxi University provided field survey to determine the suitable mangrove land, and provided mangrove replanting plan and technical professional support; biodiversity survey (plants, birds, large benthic) was provided by experts from Guangxi University, Guangxi Marine Environment Monitoring Center and Guangxi Beilunhekou National Nature Reserve to provide survey and technical support. In terms of nature education, under the organization of our organization, local nature education activities in Fangchenggang have been initiated, becoming the first private organization in the region to initiate coastal nature education with the theme of mangrove protection, driving more than 2,400 people to participate.
In the next two years, we plan to integrate the efforts of multiple parties, such as government departments coordinating management, research universities providing technology, social organizations initiating organization, and community and urban public participation. Under the nature-based solution, we will carry out field survey and mangrove rehabilitation program design, and carry out restoration and management of the mangrove forestable land according to local conditions to improve the quality of the habitat; and mobilize the urban public to participate in the process of mangrove rehabilitation and protection through regular beach planting, home adoption, beach cleaning, etc.; in addition, through community survey, publicity and training, we will drive fishermen to participate in the mangrove protection In addition, through community surveys, publicity and training, fishermen are encouraged to participate in mangrove protection.
Main problems:
Problem 1: Declining quality of urban mangrove habitat due to urban development
More than a decade ago, Dongwan Satan River area had a large wetland ecosystem with rich biological resources. However, due to urban development and reclamation, such wetlands have been squeezed and encroached by various construction sites, and only 15 acres of mangrove native habitat with tung-flower and white bone loam as the dominant species remain, and there are problems such as habitat fragmentation, habitat quality decline and single diversity.
Problem 2: The increasing threat of marine litter
Human land and coastal life has become the main source of marine litter. As the Shatan River is located at the mouth of the salt and fresh water exchange, a large amount of marine litter has been deposited on the mudflats, and in July, our organization organized a public service beach clean-up activity with public participation (more than 30 people), and the amount of litter cleaned up exceeded 500% of the general light beach mudflats (the monitoring site of the Guardian Coastline Fangchenggang Port Area Project). At the same time, the large number of urban residents moving in will lead to more and more litter on the beaches if the land-based litter is not properly treated
Problem 3: Weak awareness of ecological protection among urban residents
After the completion and delivery of the surrounding plots, there will be a large number of urban residents living and working here, which will increase the pressure on the ecological environment of the site due to the lack of ecological protection awareness. The specific impacts are: (1) the increase of mudflat garbage brought by the lack of proper treatment of land-based garbage; (2) the simple imitation of fishermen's shell collecting behavior by urban residents, which will negatively affect the mangrove breathing root system and biological resources; (3) the increase of human activities, which leads to the close safety distance between human and coastal wetlands and their biological resources, if not regulated in time, it will lead to the biological diversity of local organisms, especially birds. If not regulated in time, it may lead to a decrease in the biodiversity of local organisms, especially birds.
Problem 4: Mangrove conservation conflicts with the livelihoods of local fishing communities
Since the 1980s, fishermen have been living along the Shatan River, forming a small community of fishermen who use marine resources to survive. At present, there are still some fishermen living in the area and using the mudflats and shores in the Shatam River area to engage in fishery farming including oyster rafts and oyster piles, snail digging and shell collecting under the mangrove forest, as well as fishing boats and shrimp basking ponds for fishing livelihoods. Such economic activities will inevitably encroach on and destroy part of the native mangrove root system and habitat. At present, the mangrove wetlands in the project site have been included in the scope of Dongwan Wetland Park. With the construction of the wetland park and wetland protection, the conflict between the park management and the fishermen community has been increasing, and the livelihood issues of the indigenous people who have been living for generations have been affected.

Activities:
Activity 1.
Public participation in scientific mangrove rehabilitation guided by the principles of nature-based solutions
1.1 Expert-guided restoration program for new mangrove lands
1.2 Mangrove replanting activities involving the public, especially the community and primary and secondary school students
Activity 2. Conducting Mangrove Biological Resources Monitoring and Wetland Patrol Citizen Scientist Activities
2.1 Liaise with scientific departments and professional enthusiasts to conduct surveys and follow-up monitoring of plant, bird and macrobenthic biodiversity in the project site.
2.2 Carry out mangrove wetland patrols and timely site threat monitoring, problem and threat removal.
Activity 3. Monitoring, cleaning and sustainable recycling of marine litter in Satan River
3.1 Monitor the type and quantity of marine litter and clean up the mudflats at the mouth of the Shatam River
3.2 Sustainable recycling and reuse of the marine plastic PET garbage, processing and making mangrove themed cultural products.
Activity 4.Development of coastal wetland education curriculum and base construction
4.1 Develop a preliminary coastal wetland education curriculum
4.2 Develop environmental education support for the coastal wetland education base environmental interpretation system version 1.0
4.3 Conduct nature guide training for conservation area and school instructors, community representatives and volunteers
4.4 Support female project team members to study abroad
Activity 5.Mangrove coastal wetland education activities
5.1 Conduct nature education activities including mangrove replanting and mudflat nature experience, mangrove adoption, science education in schools, and wetland biodiversity photo exhibition
Activity 6. community visits and survey and traditional fishing culture resources
6.1 Conduct a survey on the basic situation and composition of the local fishing communities and their willingness to transform their livelihoods
6.2 Investigate and collect local knowledge on fishery culture and ethnobotany
6.3 Community outreach for mangrove conservation to fishermen in the community

Anticipated outcomes:
1.Target mangrove wetlands are restored and protected, and public awareness of mangrove wetland protection is enhanced
2.a. To achieve monitoring of the status of the site's biodiversity resources, to achieve analysis and testing of the effectiveness of mangrove ecological restoration, and to support the development of a wetland biodiversity curriculum for the site.
b. Identify wetland threats and design lifting programs to solve wetland threats and problems, and achieve effective cleanup of invasive species and harmful species.
3.a. Avoid pollution from waste entering the ocean and reduce mangrove habitat destruction
b. Achieve the standardization and recycling of PET plastic waste to further support local wetland education activities and raise public awareness of environmental protection
4.a. 20 instructors or volunteers to master the knowledge related to mangroves and coastal wetlands and disseminate it widely.
b. 2 female project members have their wetland conservation and nature education skills enhanced.
5.Increase the public, primary and secondary schools, and communities' knowledge of mangrove wetland-based marine knowledge and achieve increased public awareness of marine or coastal wetland conservation.
6.a. Identify the needs and willingness of communities to transform their livelihoods and provide guidance for livelihood transformation training design.
b. To understand the cultural knowledge and ethno-botanical knowledge survey of local indigenous communities to provide support for livelihood transformation and nature appreciation.
c. Knowledge of ecological environment and mangrove conservation is disseminated in the community
 
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Project Snapshot

Grantee:
Fangchenggang Wanshanhong Forestry Ecological Conservation Center
Country:
China
Area Of Work:
Biodiversity
Grant Amount:
US$ 0.00
Co-Financing Cash:
US$ 73,592.32
Co-Financing in-Kind:
US$ 33,972.94
Project Number:
CPR/DLF/BD/2021/07
Status:
Not active yet
Project Characteristics and Results
Inovative Financial Mechanisms
(1) The project team regularly participates in relevant academic seminars and environmental public welfare activities, and cooperates with research institutes to ensure the scientific nature of the project and the scientific level of the project staff, to understand the cutting-edge knowledge of mangrove conservation, and to carry out scientific rehabilitation and interesting nature education contents. In addition, carry out team female members coastal wetland conservation and leadership building, and go out to study. (2) Regular publication of public activities, mangrove-related scientific knowledge, replanting-related experience summaries, and dissemination and promotion of local aboriginal stories to drive public participation in mangrove conservation and knowledge enhancement. (3) Through mangrove replanting experiments, carry out scientific replanting of localized mangroves with nature-based solutions. And through the activities, share and disseminate mangrove-related knowledge to the public. (4) Through the production of coastal education observation manuals, we will convey ecological knowledge about mangrove coastal wetlands. (5) Through the coastal education guide manual and guide training, convey the knowledge related to mangrove forest guide and activity organization. (6) Through the production of project brochures, we conveyed the knowledge of local mangrove coastal wetland protection. (7) Promote sustainable use and protection of coastal wetlands through recycling and use of PET plastic waste. (8) Communicate local environmental protection awareness to local indigenous people through fishermen community visits, publicity and training; and summarize community experiences and transformation programs through multiple communications and exchanges.
Emphasis on Sustainable Livelihoods
(1) Through visits and surveys of fishermen's communities, we understand the basic situation and composition of local fishermen's communities and their willingness to transform, so that we can propose targeted community capacity building and training contents. (2) Through the development of a work plan for the fishermen's communities, carry out community promotion, capacity building and training, popularize the knowledge of the community aborigines on ecological environment and mangrove protection, and provide support in ecotourism economy such as pan-mangrove tours, knowledge of nature interpretation such as nature observation, nature guide capacity enhancement, tourism promotion, etc. (3) Provide partial open employment opportunities in wetland patrol and mangrove replanting.
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Grantee Contact

XiuLan Wang
Phone: 86-13601250950
Fax: 0770-3791898
Email: 386085437@qq.com
 

Address

Room 2026, 20th Floor, Huijin Asia-Pacific Economic and Trade Center,No.8 Taguchi Road, Port District, Fangchenggang,Guangxi, China.
Fangchenggang ,

SGP Country office contact

Ms. Yi Liu
Phone:
86 10 85320731
Email:
Ms. Meijia Lu
Phone:
+861085320743
Email:

Address

No. 2 Liangmahe Nanlu
Beijing, Chaoyang, 100600