OLENGAPA is a pioneer joint land use plans. The joint land use planning process in Kiteto District began in November 2013, and included the villages of Lerug, Ngapapa and Orkitkit. The three villages share boundaries and grazing resources, and to illustrate a single shared identity across the village boundaries the name OLENGAPA was chosen, incorporating part of each village's name. And in 2017 OLENGAPA grazing area was expanded by adding the fourth Village of Engang'uengare hence having more than 30,000 hectares.
In order to understand the different resources in the villages and their distribution, SRMP supported the villagers to carry out a participatory mapping of these. This was used to develop a base map for the village land use planning process, including showing which resources are shared by the villages and where they are situated.
SRMP then facilitated village members to come to agreement over individual village land use maps and plans, as well as the joint village land use map and plan, and the joint land use agreement. These detailed and ultimately protected the shared grazing area, water points, livestock routes and other shared resources.
After the success of OLENGPA Grazing area the Pastoral communities, Government and other stakeholders took it as a tool for conflict resolution and management between pastoralists and other land users and SRMP decided to upscale the project to other villages and to start with the ALOLLE Cluster was formed. The four pastoral villages of Amei, Loolera, Lembapuli and Lesoit developed a joint village land use plan and they set aside more than 81,000 hectares to be used as the grazing area. The joint village land use planning process in this area began in December 2016 and it was facilitated by SRMP with funding from ILRI/ILC/IFAD. The main objective of this project was to secure and protect communal grazing area as a tool to avoid conflicts between pastoralists and other land users especially the small and large scale farmers.
Since the area (Kiteto District) is semi arid pastoralists still do not have desired benefits of the grazing area as water scarcity is still a challenge hence the livestock concentration is around the water sources and sometimes pastoralists have to move with their livestock to the neighboring districts of Kilindi and Simanjiro.

About the Proponent:
KINNAPA Development Programme is a community based, non-profit making, Non-Government Organization (It was set up in the early 1990s by six villages to deal with land encroachment issues facing pastoralists and peasants in the district of Kiteto. It was officially registered on 31st January 1992 See attached, KINNAPA constitution and Certificate of registration). Its success was based on people’s solidarity to protect their land rights in order to improve their standards of living. During the last 28 years KINNAPA has implemented a wide range of projects to address the felt needs of its constituency in the areas of gender and children affairs particularly early childhood development (early stimulation for children from 0-8 years of age), Women Socio-economic Empowerment, Food Security for the Akie (most vulnerable community), Water, Hygiene and Sanitation, Environmental Management, Advocacy on Education and Health Improvement, Good governance, Land Use Planning and Land Rights, Nutrition and many others.

Project’s Primary Objective:

Project Goal: Improving the sustainable management of OLENGAPA and ALOLLE ecosystem for betterment of pastoralists and hunter-gatherers communities in OLENGAPA and ALOLLE Villages by protecting land tenure security of 8 grazing areas for calves and sick animals to support 1,600 indigenous community members(1,800 pastoral women) by May 2022.
Purpose: To improve the quality of life of pastoralists, and hunter-gatherers by enhancing proper management of the grazing areas for reliable pastures and conserved environment and culture.

Objectives 1; To demarcate and process CCROs of 8 grazing areas for calves and sick animals, and 4 sacred sites and luild capacity of Stakeholders on governance of natural resources and Decision Making by May 2022
Objective 2; To improve proper land use management and promotion of environmental conservation and protection by demonstrating 4 demo pilots and awareness to 1,600 indigenous community members in ALOLE Cluster May 2022
Objective 3; Improved pastoral women participation (800) in ecosystem management and enhance promotion of economic autonomy and environment justice to indigenous women by May 2022.

Project Snapshot

KINNAPA Development Programme
Area Of Work:
Community Based Adaptation
Grant Amount:
US$ 31,835.00
Co-Financing Cash:
US$ 6,366.00
Co-Financing in-Kind:
US$ 3,183.00
Project Number:
Currently under execution

Grantee Contact

Mr Abraham Stansalus Akilimali
Phone: 0754-367467


P.O.Box 83
Kibaya , Manyara , +255

SGP Country office contact

Faustine Donald Ninga


UNDP P.O. Box 9182
Dar es Salaam, Dar es salaam Region, 255-22