Introduction of Fish Traps in Gela’elo village to conserve Biodiversity and improve community livelihood
Inshore fishing (coastal fishing without boats or using non-motorized boats) in Eritrean coastal waters is practiced using only three types of generally simple and limited fishing gear, namely; coastal gill nets, beach seine and hand line. Consequently, this sector has hardly been playing its typical role of providing daily subsistence and poverty reduction in coastal areas. There is therefore, a great need for the introduction and adoption, in Eritrean coastal areas, of more inshore fishing methods used elsewhere in the world. Secondly, pervasiveness of the tree ‘Mesquite’ (Prosopis species), has been an international concern. The invasive tree species Prosopis juliflora and its likes have been replacing indigenous trees in Eritrea, including in coastal areas, and are clearly threats to biodiversity. GEF/SGP will introduce stationary fish traps, a new fishing gear/method that has been modified to make use of the invasive tree ‘Mesquite’ in the coastal fishing village of Gel’alo in Northern Red Sea Region. Stationary fish traps are large structures fixed in shallow water (intertidal area) that are primarily made of netting and stake to support the structure. The project team managed to modify the new fishing method in a way that it makes use of the invasive tree Prosopis juliflora (Mesquite) as stake or support for the netting. Introduction of stationary fish traps will also have the merit of allowing women and people with disabilities to take part in fishing and consequently improve their livelihood. This is because stationary fish traps are situated at shallow seashores close to residential areas and can be operated without a boat, hence, little energy is required to operate them. Considerable effort is of course required to plant them in the outset as the structure is generally big, but once set, the fishermen need only go and collect fish every day. Gel’alo village in the Northern Red sea region, Gel’alo Sub Region is selected as project site. The project will be owned and managed by the Gel’alo Community Development Committee. Technical backstopping will be given by a joint team of experts from the Ministry of Marine Resources, Massawa College of Marine Sciences and Technology (MCOMSAT), and National Union of Eritrean Women (NUEW). Community representatives and fishermen from the target village will fully participate in all project operation activities. The project will be operated in a coordinated manner. This is expected to fuel the successful completion of the project and foster a sense of ownership among the community members. The overall objective of the project is to introduce Stationary Fish Traps, a new fishing gear/method innovated using an invasive tree species ‘Mesquite’ Prosopis juliflora in the coastal village of Gel’alo to protect biodiversity while at the same time improving community livelihood. The specific objectives of the project would be: to increase inshore fish production and consequently increase fish consumption levels by coastal communities; to diversify the scope of target species and open access to previously inaccessible coastal fishes in order to help relieve fishing pressure on highly exploited coastal species; to promote the involvement of vulnerable or marginalized members of the fishing communities; and to utilize ‘Mesquite’ Prosopis juliflora an invasive tree species, for fishing. The main activities of the project will focus on; appropriate site selection; conduct trainings or demonstrations; construction and distribution of 12 traps to community members; symmetric allocation of traps constructed to women and the vulnerable community members. The project’s duration is 24 months. The project needs a total of ERN 1,267,920.00 or USD 84,528.00. Of which Contribution of GEF/ SGP is USD 42,264.00, Northern Red Sea Local Government will parallel co finance ERN 360,345.00 or USD 24,023.00, Gel’alo community contribution is ERN 245,615.00 or USD 16,374.33, and Kebabi Administration will also contribute ERN 28,000.00 or USD 1,866.67. There will be strict monitoring and follow-up of all activities during project implementation. Data collection and documentation will also be done to further scale-up and replicate the project.
Gela'elo Community Development
Area Of Work:
OP6 -Y4 (Jul 18 - Jun 19)
Currently under execution