PROMOTING COMMUNITY-BASED BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOOD THROUGH INTEGRATED RURAL DEVELOPMENT, BUANCHOR BOKI LGA, CROSS RIVE STATE.
PROMOTING COMMUNITY-BASED BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOOD THROUGH INTEGRATED RURAL DEVELOPMENT, BUANCHOR BOKI LGA, CROSS RIVE STATE.
Buanchor communities in Boki Local Government area of Cross River State are enclave communities in the Afi Mountain Wildlife Sanctuary, and host the drill ranch as well as the canopy walk way. The Mountains that surrounds the community host a population of primates including Chimpanzee, Drill monkeys, Gorilla etc. All these features make Buanchor the best tourist site and biodiversity hot spot in Cross River State. This communitiessuffered massive destruction of their environment by landslide in the recent past, precisely July 13th 2012, that swept away the forest, farms, houses, the secondary school, bridges and the watershed of the major streams around the community leaving the people in misery and fear. Presently, whenever, there is heavy rainfall, Buanchor communities will be in fear of reoccurrence of the landslide. The Mountains which host good population of endangered species is now prone to erosion and a threat to habitat for primates with many open spaces without forest cover. Although no baseline studies have been conducted, the devastation is still very visible as the Mountains as well as the bank of the major streams are still very bare.Buanchor is made up of three communities namely: Mbayang, Nkanacha and Okuni with a population of about five thousand people according to 2003 census. These communities are predominantly farmers and gatherers of NTFPs.
The impact of the landslide did not just carry away the bridge across kala stream but caused the stream to divide into two separate streams. This has created a very big problem. Tourists no longer have access to the drill ranch, canopy walkway and Afi Mountains wildlife sanctuary. The local people are faced with the problem of crossing the stream especially during the raining season and this has hindered economic activities especially sales of farm produce. Through this project, AGE intends to construct two small bridges to promote ecotourism, provide technical expertise to develop community land use plan and strengthening community institutions, raise forest trees nurseries to restore degraded forest land and build capacity of women, girls and boys on propagation techniques of NTFPs to improve livelihood and encourage sustainable exploitation of forest resources.

1. Key Outputs, Outcomes and Innovations
The objective of this project was effectively achieved with these outcomes.
• A functional forest management committee and effective governance and management system in place to effectively support forest management.
• Ten thousand indigenous tree seedlings raised and planted in more than 10ha degraded forest area, resulting in at least 5% increase in forest cover.
• Two functional bridges put in place to efficiently support eco-tourism and livelihood
• 30 women, 30 girls and 30 boys trained on sustainable harvesting, improve propagation techniques and marketing of G.africana
• Three demonstration plots of 20m x 20m established by three NTFPs resource user groups afang cultivation. The participants as well as other community members have learedn the techniques of cultivating afang from the demonstration plots and are replicating in their farms
With the aim to catalyze REDD+readiness from bottom up, bringing resources and capacity to communities, empowering them to engage in national REDDS activities and pilot important REDD+ methodologies and approaches, with specific focus on:
empowering and encouraging effective community participation and activate REDD + readiness, support countries to implement the Cancum safeguards and UNREDD Guidelines and ensure the full and effective participation of local/indigenous peoples, and marginalized groups such as women and the poor in REDD+, support learning and sharing of lessons drawn from community based experiences in support of REDD+. This project has contributed to achieving these objectives by building the capacity of local communities and marginalized populations to understand and carry out participatory forest monitoring activities, promoting ecotourism and development of sustainable livelihood. By bringing capacity to communities, It has empower them to engage in national REDD+ activities and pilot important REDD+ methodologies and approaches.


AGE started implementing this project with community level sensitization to reaffirm the community’s commitment to implementing this project and draw up a realistic action plan.
All these four activities, from activity one, to four are completed.
Activity one Supporting community to institutionalized traditional and customary legislation on forest was completed during the first disbursement.

Activity two on the list training FMC members on nursery development/management, raise 10,000 seedlings to restore and increase ecological forest cover is completed. The training and raising of forest tree seedlings started in November 2018 and we were able to raise eleven thousand, eight hundred and twenty three seedlings. Among these, Eco-guards/FMC raised one thousand seven hundred seedlings at no cost to the project. Age only provided the polythene bags. This activity ended on the 10th of August 2019 as the eleven thousand, eight hundred and twenty three seedlings were completely planted.

Activity three was completed during the second disbursement, but there was flood in the first week of September that washed off the backfilling in one bridge. With the release of this last tranche, AGE has completed the two bridges with the backfilling of abutments that were washed by the flood. Some money that was meant for the lesson learnt workshop and admin cost was used to backfill the affected abutments.

Activity four which is the last on the list, providing training on sustainable harvesting and propagation of G. Africana is fully completed. The three groups have been trained and demonstration plots established. The technology is now adopted and replicated by participants and non participation

Environmental Impact
1. Community land use plan with bye-laws developed. Community has clear objective and vision of forest management, with clearly defined institutional arrangement to enforce regulations.
2. From the project activities, target community is more organized and committed to the sustainable forest management, demonstrated in their joint efforts to fight back loggers and farm expansion to pristine forest areas. The community Eco.guards/FMC is mandated and actively carrying out forest monitoring to check illegal activities in the forest.
3. Institutionalization of traditional and customary legislation on forest resource use in Buanchor has brought about effective check on the use of forest resources and since forest has the capacity to reduce emissions, the objective or goal of UN-REDD is greatly achieved.
4. The construction of two bridges across kala stream as an effective link between the Drill Ranch, Canopy Walkway, Afi Mountains Wildlife Sanctuary, the community and the outside world has created real incentive to Buanchor community to protect and maintain the remaining high forest as well as protecting and conserving the diminishing forest species.
5. 10ha degraded forest land have been restored
6. The livelihood of women,youth girls and boys have been improved, diversified and deforestation reduced.
• The community’s ecotourism potentials is strengthen and utilized through improved access and linkages of the 3 prominent ecotourism sites in the area including the drill ranch, canopy walkway, and Afi mountain wildlife sanctuary..

Socio-economic impacts
AGE have not done a detail socio economic impact but the local people are testifying to the fact that access to their farms is enhance even if it rains from morning to night. They are able to move their farm produce from their farms to the community/market. The entire Buanchor communities that is made up of over five thousand people and some members of the neighboring communities are using the access road for their social and economic activities The bridge project has increased the number of tourist visiting the sites. With the increase in the number of Tourist, economic activities have increased..

Gender

AGE Foundation is a gender based organization and so emphasizes equitable representation of different segment in the community. From the needs assessment, gender was considered. The needs of women, men, youths and share croppers were assessed separately and later harmonized in the general community assembly. Sharecroppers are people that do not own little or no farm but are hired on short or long term to work in the farms. They are mostly unmarried women, strangers, the poor and vulnerable.
In the implementation, the project implementation committee and forest management committee is comprised of women, youths and men. Under the NTFP project, the groups are made up of married and unmarried women and youths. Youths, married/unmarried women, strangers, and other vulnerable groups participated effectively in this project. In planning this project, gender sensitization and community participation was taken into consideration. During planning the participatory Governance Assessment exercise for the UN-REDD+ programme, specific attention was paid to specific roles, requirements and contributions of women and men at every stage of the exercise. The team observed that women and the youth (most especially the young female) were usually left out in decision making when it has to do with forest resource management. This was what informs the choice NTPPs project. During the inception meeting, SGP trained all the grantees on gender mainstreaming.
 
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Project Snapshot

Grantee:
AGRICULTURE, GENDER AND ENVIRONMENT FOUNDATION (AGE)
Country:
Nigeria
Area Of Work:
Climate Change Mitigation
Grant Amount:
US$ 37,000.00
Co-Financing Cash:
Co-Financing in-Kind:
US$ 8,212.00
Project Number:
NGA/SGP/OP5/Y4/STAR/CC/17/11
Status:
Satisfactorily Completed

Grantee Contact

MR Martin Martin Kembre
Phone: 07038839462
Email: agefoundationnig@gmail.com
 

Address

Plot 20/22, Site D, State Housing Estate, Ikom
Calabar ,

SGP Country office contact

Mrs Ibironke Olubamise
Phone:
+2347082648989
Email:
Ms Rose Agbo
Phone:
+2347082648989
Email:

Address

C/O UN House, 617/618 Diplomatic Zone, Central Business District, FCT
Abuja, West Africa, 90001