Sustainable Energy Production Practices at Richelieu Open Prison and New Wing Prison
Sustainable Energy Production Practices at Richelieu Open Prison and New Wing Prison
Project Summary
The boost in the socioeconomic development of Mauritius Island has led to an increase in standard of living, which has eventually changed the production and consumption pattern of its population. Thus, the amount of municipal solid waste (MSW) being generated and the quantity of energy being consumed have drastically increased. In 1997, Mare Chicose Sanitary landfill was constructed for the disposal of 400 tonnes of MSW per day. However, over the years this amount of MSW has risen to 1200 tonnes per day in 2010 (CSO, 2014; MID, 2011), and this is decreasing the lifespan of Mare Chicose landfill (Mohee, 2002; Mohee and Unmar, 2008; Soobhany et al., 2015). Unequipped with energy resources such as natural gas, petroleum resources, coal reserves or other fossil fuels, Mauritius demonstrates high reliance on imported energy sources for electricity generation to meet the energy demands in the domestic, industrial and transport sectors (Pillay et al., 2012). The country expects an annual energy growth of 6% and in 2010, energy imports amounted to 18.5% of the total imports and was found to be 43.7% higher than that recorded for the year 2009 (Mauritius statistics, 2010). Given that more than 80% of the municipal solid wastes (MSW) being generated in Mauritius are organic in nature with a high moisture content, anaerobic digestion is considered as an attractive biological waste treatment option (Chaudhary, 2008). Anaerobic digestion has been termed as a net energy producing process with the generation of clean and renewable fuel known as biogas (Chaudhary, 2008; Surroop and Mohee, 2012).

The project on Sustainable Waste Management Practices at Petit Verger Prison initiated in 2013 and funded by GEF SGP-UNDP, has contributed to the Public Service Excellence Award 2013, and has also gained recognition in the report that has been prepared by Cazeau (2016), for the UN Joint Implementation Unit, quoted as follows: (1) page 10, paragraph 29: "In Mauritius, the team visited the prison of Petit Verger, where it could observe the positive impact of the GEF Small Grants Programme. The project on sustainable waste management, an initiative of the Mauritius prison service in collaboration with the Association Kinouété, combined socioeconomic and environmental dimensions, including the consideration of gender issues and focus on youth engagement and participation. It was facilitated through UNDP and conducted in collaboration with the University of Mauritius." and (2) page 31, footnote 80: "The team noted the significant impact of the GEF Small Grants Programme in different SIDS and was able to observe the benefits in Mauritius with, among others, the project of the Association Kinouété at the Petit Verger prison linking climate change and social issues."

Following the success of the project on Sustainable Waste Management Practices at Petit Verger Prison and in order to continue its endeavor for the improvement of Rehabilitation and Resettlement of detainees, the Mauritius Prison Service (MPS) through its 10-year strategic plan (2013 -2023) will be implementing a project on Sustainable Energy Production Practices at Richelieu Open Prison and New Wing Prison found in Beau Bassin.
A 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system was already developed and tested by the University of Mauritius (UoM) in 2013, as shown in Figure 1. This bio-digester was installed at the University Farm.


Figure 1: Bio-digester developed by UoM


This bio-digester was inoculated with cow dung and was designed to treat the organic wastes that were generated by the University Cafeteria. The cow dung used as inoculum provided a source of microorganisms to initiate the anaerobic digestion process and was added only at the start of the process. The results showed that the daily biogas specific yield was at 50.25L/kg of food wastes added and this tallies with Chanakya (2008) who stated that co-digestion of cow manure and food wastes in a 3-zone plug flow system would generate a biogas yield of about 50-60 L/kg of added food wastes. Also, the biogas consisted of 59.3% CH4 which was equivalent to a methane yield of about 1m3/kgVS added. Other studies demonstrated that methane yield from food wastes ranged from 0.396 – 0.472m3/kg VS added (Cho and Park, 1995; Zhang et al., 2007; Zhang et al., 2011). The results from this study largely exceeded the reported yield and thus emphasised on the efficacy of co-digesting the food wastes with cow dung. It was also found that the biogas was comparable to LPG for the heating of water from room temperature to 100°C. The biogas took 15.5 minutes for boiling 2 litres of water, while LPG took a slightly lower time (13.08 minutes). No health and safety issues related to the operation of this 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system and the use of biogas at the University Farm was recorded.

In May 2017, the Mauritius Prison Service (MPS) and UoM has signed a letter of intent for the transfer and use of this 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system to Richelieu Open Prison. The installation of this bio-digester has already been completed at Richelieu Open Prison, as shown in Figure 2. However, the bio-digester has not yet been operated. Therefore, this project on Sustainable Energy Production Practices at Richelieu Open Prison and New Wing Prison at Beau-Bassin will consist of the following:

Characterization of kitchen wastes being generated by Richelieu Open Prison and New Wing Prison
Training of detainees (men and women) and prison officers (men and women) on the safe operation of the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system and safe use of biogas for cooking purposes, as well as, other health and safety measures at Richelieu Open Prison
Monitoring of the following parameters: pH, moisture content, total solids content, volatile fatty acids, chemical oxygen demand (COD) and biological oxygen demand (BOD) at Richelieu Open Prison
Assessment of the amount and quality of biogas produced from organic wastes being generated at Richelieu Open Prison
Using the results of the monitoring parameters obtained at Richelieu Open Prison, a modified 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system, integrated with a solar heating system, for optimizing biogas production, will be designed for New Wing Prison
Training of detainees (men and women) and prison officers (men and women) on the safe operation of the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system, integrated with a solar heating system and the safe use of biogas for cooking purposes and electricity generation, as well as, other health and safety measures at New Wing Prison
Monitoring of the following parameters: pH, moisture content, total solids content, volatile fatty acids, chemical oxygen demand (COD) and biological oxygen demand (BOD) and assessment of the amount and quality of biogas produced from organic wastes being generated at New Wing Prison
Sensitization campaigns on organic wastes segregation at source will be organised for other institutions found in the vicinity of New Wing Prison at Beau-Bassin such as Central Prison, Women Prison, Brown Sequard Hospital, Police Training School and nearby communities. The organic wastes being generated by these institutions will thus be collected by New Wing Prison for the production of biogas.

In order to ensure that safety measures during the operation of the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester systems both at Richelieu Open Prison and New Wing Prison, safety signs (Figure 3) will be affixed that the entrance of the installations and operating procedures (Figure 4) for the use of biogas for cooking purposes will also be affixed inside the kitchens.



Figure 2: 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system at Richelieu Open Prison




Figure 3: Safety Signs




Figure 4: Operating Procedures



This project will be another opportunity for detainees (men and women) to make constructive use of their time in prison and to be engaged in a project that will help to reduce the amount of wastes going to Mare Chicose Sanitary Landfill and the amount of energy being consumed, in terms of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). It has been gathered at MPS that around 145,000 kg of LPG is consumed yearly. The detainees would volunteer their services and will be trained on the installation, operation and maintenance of the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system and the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system, integrated with a solar heating system, as well as, on the potential use of biogas for cooking purposes and for electricity production. It is to be noted that most detainees highly value the opportunity to give their time and work to projects that will directly benefit the prison community. Such project will definitely build the confidence, commitment and a sense of belonging of the detainees. Along the way, many of them will get the opportunity to pick up technical skills that can help them when they are released. The “Sustainable Energy Production Practices at Richelieu Open Prison and New Wing Prison” project will be designed to provide the detainees with knowledge on how to convert waste into a resource and also be more concerned about the environmental and climate change impacts being associated with improper waste disposal and excessive use of non-renewable energy. It is also envisaged that organic wastes from other prisons, as well as, in the vicinity of New Wing Prison (such as Central Prison, Women Prison, Brown Sequard Hospital, Police Training School and nearby communities) will be directed to the biogas production plant at New Wing Prison. Hence, reducing the amount of this organic wastes going to the landfill.

Association Kinouété in collaboration with the Mauritius Prison Service (MPS) has enlisted the University of Mauritius (UoM) in its project for their technical advice, expertise and support. This project will be a showcase to the surrounding communities on the potential of producing biogas from organic wastes.
1.2 Organizational Background and Capacity to implement the project
1.2.1 Association Kinouété

Association Kinoueté is a registered Non-Governmental Organization working since 2001 towards the rehabilitation and reintegration of detainees and ex-detainees in Mauritius. Its actions start inside prison where Life Skills Groups, Pre-release Groups and individual counseling services are being offered (Table 1). Having prepared the detainee to reintegrate society after release, support and guidance are provided through a team of professional Reintegration Social Workers, Coordinators and Counselors who also facilitate this process. Association Kinoueté strongly believes that the rehabilitation and reintegration services that is are being offered both inside and outside prison contribute to reduce recidivism amongst its beneficiaries and help marginalized people return to the mainstream. Its work also aims to reduce the amount of people affected by extreme poverty, through a process of empowerment and increased autonomy. The Drop-In Centre is open every weekday in Floréal, where Reintegration Services and Counseling Services are offered to ex-detainees.

Table 1: Statistics for Year 2016
Number of Therapy Sessions Indoor – 831
Outdoor - 75
Total number of detainees reached 391
Total number of outdoor clients 75
Total number of children of detainees and ex-detainees being supported 60
Number of families in the family support program 57
Number of detainees reached by self-Development Program 28 Men
10 Women
Number of detainees reached by Suicide Prevention Program 23
Number of detainees reached by Pre-release program 15 Men
6 Women
Number of detainees reached by Prevention talks on drugs, HIV/AIDS, HEP C 130 Men
Number of site visits 68
Referrals to other NGOs and institutions 153
Number of contact visit between spouses and children organised 18
Number of residents through the Residential Rehabilitation Centre (6 rooms)
15
Number of individual sessions at the RYC/CYC
50
Number of inmates reached at RYC/CYC
16

Following the previous project funded by GEF SGP-UNDP entitled: Sustainable Waste Management Practices at Petit Verger Prison in 2013, Association Kinoueté reported that one ex-detainee who had followed the composting training, is now using this knowledge to produce compost at his place.

1.2.2 University of Mauritius (UoM)

The University of Mauritius (UoM) has been engaged in various waste management projects in Mauritius and in Africa. Annex 1 summarises some of the studies conducted at the University of Mauritius to emphasise on the effects of various feedstocks and digestion conditions on the performance of the digesters. Also, in 2013, UoM has developed a 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system, which was operated and tested at the University Farm and which had produced satisfactory results. The results obtained for the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system was presented at the International Conference on Energy, Environment and Climate Change (ICEECC) in July 2015 and the paper was published in the conference proceedings (Annex 2).

A letter of intent has also been signed by MPS and UoM in May 2017 for the transfer and use of the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system at Richelieu Open Prison. Moreover, the Mauritius Prison Service is a member of Plateforme ReSources: Plateforme pour la promotion de la valorisation matière et énergie à partir des déchets solides (GEVALOR)) in collaboration with the University of Mauritius and other African countries and will also benefit from the technical expertise and support from Plateforme ReSources. This Plateforme ReSources followed a contract that was signed by UoM and GEVALOR (an organization supporting non-governmental bodies and small enterprises on household waste management in southern countries). The other partners on Plateforme ReSources are from ENPRO (Togo), ERA (Cameroun), Planete Contact, University of Quisqueya (Haiti) and 2IE (Burkina Faso). This Sustainable Energy Production Practices at Richelieu Open Prison and New Wing Prison project will be one of its kind in Mauritius and will be a stepping stone for the Mauritius Prison Service (MPS) to become a Zero-Waste institution.
1.3 Project Objectives and Expected Results
The main aim of this project is to produce biogas from the anaerobic digestion of organic wastes such as vegetable and fruit peelings, as well as, cow dung at Richelieu Open Prison and New Wing Prison in view of decreasing the amount of organic wastes being sent to landfill, and the amount of LPG and electricity being consumed. This project on Sustainable Energy Production Practices at Richelieu Open Prison and New Wing Prison at Beau-Bassin will consist of the following:

To assess the characteristics of organic wastes being generated at both prisons in terms of quantities, moisture content, pH, volatile solids, total solids content, bulk density, electrical conductivity and carbon-to-nitrogen ratio.
To train detainees (men and women) and prison officers (men and women) on the safe operation of the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system and safe use of biogas for cooking purposes, as well as, other health and safety measures at Richelieu Open Prison
To monitor of the following parameters: pH, moisture content, total solids content, volatile fatty acids, chemical oxygen demand (COD) and biological oxygen demand (BOD) at Richelieu Open Prison
To assess the amount and quality of biogas produced from organic wastes being generated at Richelieu Open Prison
To use the results obtained from the monitoring parameters at Richelieu Open Prison, to design a modified 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system, integrated with a solar heating system, for optimizing biogas production, for New Wing Prison
To train detainees (men and women) and prison officers (men and women) on the safe operation of the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system, integrated with a solar heating system and the safe use of biogas for cooking purposes and electricity generation, as well as, other health and safety measures at New Wing Prison
to monitor following parameters: pH, moisture content, total solids content, volatile fatty acids, chemical oxygen demand (COD) and biological oxygen demand (BOD) and to assess the amount and quality of biogas produced from organic wastes being generated at New Wing Prison
To conduct sensitization campaigns on organic wastes segregation at source for other institutions found in the vicinity of New Wing Prison at Beau-Bassin such as Central Prison, Women Prison, Brown Sequard Hospital, Police Training School and nearby communities. The organic wastes being generated by these institutions will thus be collected by New Wing Prison for the production of biogas.
To establish all health and safety measures for the operation of the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system at Richelieu Open Prison and of the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system, integrated with a solar heating system at New Wing Prison, as well as, of the use of biogas in the kitchens of the prisons and for electricity production.
to carry out sensitization campaigns on organic wastes segregation at source at other institutions found in the vicinity of New Wing Prison at Beau-Bassin such as Central Prison, Women Prison, Brown Sequard Hospital, Police Training School and nearby communities. The organic wastes being generated by these institutions will thus be collected by New Wing Prison for the production of biogas.
To assess the possible treatments of the digestate by direct application to crops or by composting to further stabilize the digestate

The expected results of this project are as follows:
quantities, composition and characteristics of wastes being generated at both prisons
training of prison officers (men and women) and detainees (men and women) on the operation of the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system at Richelieu Open Prison and of the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system, integrated with a solar heating system at New Wing Prison, as well as, on the use of biogas in the kitchens of the prisons and for electricity production.
amount of LPG that can be displaced by the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system at Richelieu Open Prison and by the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system, integrated with a solar heating system at New Wing Prison, thus reducing the carbon footprint of the prisons in terms of energy consumption
enhanced biogas production at the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system, integrated with a solar heating system at New Wing Prison
amount of electricity that can be produced from biogas
creation of a zero-waste biogas plant through the use or treatment of digestate


1.4 Description of Project Activities
For the operation of the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system at Richelieu Open Prison and of the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system, integrated with a solar heating system at New Wing Prison, a number of technical, economic and social issues have to be addressed. The proper handling of organic wastes, safe operation of the digester and optimum use of the biogas produced are important factors to consider. Table 2 gives the planned activities of the project.

Table 2: Planned Activities
Planned Activities Description
Activity 1: Characterization of wastes The characterization of wastes will be carried out by prison officers (men and women) and detainees (men and women) at Richelieu Open Prison and New Wing Prison as well as by participants of Association Kinoueté for a period of 1 to 2 weeks and will be conducted as follows:
Determination of quantities of each waste component which will be classified as organic wastes (for example, vegetable and fruit peelings), paper, plastic and yard wastes.
Determination of composition of each of the waste component;
The analysis of the physicochemical properties such as: moisture content, pH, volatile solids, total solids content, bulk density, electrical conductivity and carbon-to-nitrogen ratio will be carried out by the University of Mauritius.
Activity 2: Training at Richelieu Open Prison To train detainees (men and women) and prison officers (men and women) on the safe operation of the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system and safe use of biogas for cooking purposes, as well as, other health and safety measures at Richelieu Open Prison. This training will be conducted by the University of Mauritius.

Activity 3: Monitoring of 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system at Richelieu Open Prison The monitoring parameters will be: pH, moisture content, total solids content, volatile fatty acids, chemical oxygen demand (COD) and biological oxygen demand (BOD) and will be conducted by University of Mauritius.

Activity 4: Assessing potential of biogas production at Richelieu Open Prison The biogas production will be monitored on a daily basis by the prison officers and detainees for a period of 30 days. The Biogas produced will be tested on a weekly basis using the Landfill Gas Analyser by the University of Mauritius. The utilization of the biogas for cooking purposes and the possibility of electricity production will be assessed by MPS and UOM on a daily basis.
Activity 5: Sizing and designing of the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system integrated with solar heating system at New Wing Prison Once activities 2, 3 and 4 are completed, a site visit will be conducted at New Wing Prison to assess the environmental factors, health and safety issues of the potential site and any other site requirements for the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system with integrated with solar heating system. This activity will be carried out by MPS, Association Kinoueté and UOM.

The results obtained from the monitoring parameters at Richelieu Open Prison, will be used to design a modified 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system, integrated with a solar heating system, for optimizing biogas production for New Wing Prison. UOM will be responsible to design this bio-digester. MPS will cater for the construction of the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system integrated with solar heating systems.

Activity 6: Training at New Wing Prison Training of detainees (men and women) and prison officers (men and women) on the safe operation of the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system, integrated with a solar heating system and the safe use of biogas for cooking purposes and electricity generation, as well as, other health and safety measures at New Wing Prison will be conducted by the University of Mauritius.

Activity 7: Operation and monitoring of the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system integrated with solar heating system at New Wing Prison
The following parameters will be monitored: pH, moisture content, total solids content, volatile fatty acids, chemical oxygen demand (COD) and biological oxygen demand (BOD) and to assess the amount and quality of biogas produced from organic wastes being generated at New Wing Prison. The prison officers, UoM, participants of Association Kinoueté and the detainees will monitor the biogas production on a daily basis. UoM will be responsible for biogas testing and its potential utilization for cooking purposes and electricity production.
Activity 8: Sensitization Campaigns Sensitization campaigns will be carried out on organic wastes segregation at source at other institutions found in the vicinity of New Wing Prison at Beau-Bassin such as Central Prison, Women Prison, Brown Sequard Hospital, Police Training School and nearby communities. The organic wastes being generated by these institutions will thus be collected by New Wing Prison for the production of biogas.

Activity 9: Treatment of digestate The prison officers, participants of Association Kinoueté and the detainees will be trained on the possible uses and treatment of the digestate by direct land application and Composting respectively.

Implementation Plan and Time Frame
It is proposed to launch the project in October 2017 for a period of 15 months which will end in January 2019.

Activity 1: Characterization of wastes

A waste characterization study will be carried out at Richelieu Open Prison and New Wing Prison. The waste characterization study implies the selection of a sample size and the definition of a sampling protocol. The wastes will be segregated at source in different bins for the collection of organic wastes (for example, vegetable and fruit peelings), paper, plastic and yard wastes. The bins will then be weighed to obtain the quantities of each of these waste components. The characteristics of these different waste components will be determined in terms of moisture content using APHA 2540B (1997), pH using ASTM D1293 (2012), volatile solids using APHA 2540E, total solids content, bulk density, electrical conductivity and carbon-to-nitrogen ratio. All these tests will be carried out at the University of Mauritius.

Activity 2: Training at Richelieu Open Prison

UoM will develop a training program for prison officers (men and women), participants of Association Kinoueté and detainees (men and women) on waste segregation, the operation of the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system and the troubleshooting measures as well as on the safe use of biogas for cooking purposes. A meeting will also be organized with the Health and Safety officer to assess the health and safety measures that will be required on the biogas production plant. Cow dung will be selected to inoculate the digester given its abundant availability on the farm of the Prison. The digester will be filled with cow dung slurry so as to maintain an optimum solid content of 8 - 10% within the digester. The digester will then be sealed off using the temperature resistant red silicon and the digestion will be allowed to occur for a period of 35 days to ensure acclimatization of the anaerobes and to develop an ever-ready medium for the alimentation. Food wastes which will consist vegetable and fruit peelings will then be added depending on the availability of the wastes generated at the prison.

Activity 3: Monitoring of 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system at Richelieu Open Prison
To ensure that the anaerobic digestion process is effective, the following parameters will be monitored: pH, moisture content, total solids content, volatile fatty acids, chemical oxygen demand (COD) and biological oxygen demand (BOD). All these tests will be conducted by University of Mauritius.

Activity 4: Assessing potential of biogas production at Richelieu Open Prison

The biogas produced will be monitored daily in terms of volume and odour. The gas outlet will be connected to two biogas bags which will serve as a storage medium. For the purpose of monitoring the volume of biogas produced, a flow meter followed by a pump will be installed along a pipeline connecting the bags’ outlet to the kitchen stove. The pump will be used to purge all the amount of biogas produced daily and readings across the flow meter will be recorded when the biogas will be used for cooking purposes. The project will also assess the possibility of producing electricity from any excess biogas produced. Biogas leakage and explosion are one of the main risks that are associated with biogas storage. Hence, the biogas storage bags will be checked regularly at the gas outlet and around the caps with soap water and to enhance the safety measures, the biogas storage system will further be protected using galvanised fencing. Table 5 shows other risks that can be associated with each activity and the potential risk mitigation measures.

Activity 5: Sizing and designing of 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system integrated with solar heating system at New Wing Prison

In order to develop and implement a successful 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system integrated with solar heating system, the following steps will be followed:

a) Identification of a potential site for the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system integrated with solar heating system at New Wing Prison.

UoM will conduct a meeting with the prison officers and participants of Association Kinoueté and a site visit will be conducted at New Wing Prison.
The environmental factors and site requirement, as well as, security measures will be considered.
The health and safety issues of the potential site will be inspected by a health and safety officer.
A survey will be carried out to determine the amount of organic wastes being generated at New Wing Prison and the amount of LPG that are currently being used as well as the amount of electricity being used on a daily basis at the prison.

b) Design and construction of the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system integrated with solar heating system and purchase of equipment.

The targeted feedstock in this project is the organic wastes (vegetable and fruit peelings) that are being generated at the prisons. The designed digester would be fed 6 days/week on a semi-continuous mode of operation and on low solids digestion system. Low solids criteria is being placed in view of the cheaper cost associated with slurry handling equipment as well as due to the proven success of this established technology as compared to the newly emerging high solids system. A 3-zone plug flow digester will be designed and installed. The construction material that will be considered is Fibreglass. External storage avoids the complication associated with fixed dome digesters and floating dome digesters including large and cumbersome digesters, complexity in construction, installation and maintenance while at the same time incorporates the benefits of a floating dome system by providing a regular supply of biogas to the end use location. Storage tanks/bags have been designed to close the gap between production and consumption arising from issues like (i) fluctuations in gas generation which could be caused by the semi-continuous feeding mode selected for this study, (ii) volume changes as a result of change in temperature and (iii) change in consumption pattern.

Activity 6: Training at New Wing Prison

Regular training will be organised by University of Mauritius for the detainees (men and women) and the prison officers (men and women) on waste segregation, the safe operation of the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system, integrated with a solar heating system and the safe use of biogas for cooking purposes and electricity generation, as well as, other health and safety measures and troubleshooting measures at New Wing Prison.

Activity 7: Operation and monitoring of the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system integrated with solar heating system at New Wing Prison

The 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system integrated with solar heating system will be installed in open air to ensure proper ventilation thus minimising risk of explosion or asphyxiation. The system will be completely closed with all joints being well sealed to avoid any event of odour emanation. Solar panels will be integrated in the plant so as to provide the necessary energy to keep the plant under mesophilic conditions. Some studies carried out on biogas production under mesophilic conditions using solar panels are found in Annex 3. In order to ensure the smooth running of the bio-digester, the following parameters will be monitored: pH, moisture content, total solids content, volatile fatty acids, chemical oxygen demand (COD) and biological oxygen demand (BOD). The biogas produced will be monitored daily in terms of volume and odour and will be assessed in terms of its potential to be used for both cooking purposes and electricity production. The electricity produced will be utilized for lighting purposes on the premises of the prison.

Activity 8: Sensitization Campaigns

MPS will act as a showcase at institutional and community level. Hence, sensitization campaigns will be carried out on organic wastes segregation at source at other institutions found in the vicinity of New Wing Prison at Beau-Bassin such as Central Prison, Women Prison, Brown Sequard Hospital, Police Training School and nearby communities. The organic wastes being generated by these institutions will thus be collected by New Wing Prison for the production of biogas.

Activity 9: Treatment of digestate

The utilisation of the remaining effluent and the digestate would be considered in agronomical applications. The prison officers, participants of Association Kinoueté and the detainees will be trained on the possible uses and treatment of the digestate by direct land application and composting respectively.

Table 3: Timeframe of activities
Planned Activities Timeframe
Activity 1: Characterization of wastes 9th to 23rd October 2017
Activity 2: Training at Richelieu Open Prison 30 October to 31st January 2018
Activity 3: Monitoring of 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system at Richelieu Open Prison 30 October to 31st January 2018
Activity 4: Assessing potential of biogas production at Richelieu Open Prison 1st December 2017 to 31st
January 2018
Activity 5: Sizing and designing of 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system integrated with solar heating system at New Wing Prison 1st February to 31st August 2018
Activity 6: Training at New Wing Prison 3rd September to 30 November 2018
Activity 7: Operation and monitoring of the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system integrated with solar heating system at New Wing Prison 3rd September to 30 November 2018
Activity 8: Sensitization Campaigns 10 to 14 December 2018
Activity 9: Treatment of digestate and report writing 3rd December 2018 to 31st January 2019

Plan to Ensure Community Participation

1.6.1 Project Planning and Design
For the project planning and design phase, series of meetings with MPS, participants of Association Kinoueté, UoM and Health and Safety Officer will be organized to discuss on the site identification and selection, health and safety measures, trainings and procedures to be followed for the successful implementation of the project. UoM will be responsible for providing operating procedures for the operation of the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system at Richelieu Open Prison to MPS, Association Kinoueté and Health and Safety Officer. UoM will also submit the design elements and operating procedures for the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system integrated with solar heating system which will be integrated with solar panels at New Wing Prison. The MPS will ensure the involvement of the detainees (men and women) in the training sessions which will be conducted by UoM. They will be trained on a regular basis during the operation and monitoring of the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system and that of the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system integrated with solar heating system. Their contribution of the detainees in the project will be highlighted for the benefits that this project will have for the prisons and for the communities. Association Kinoueté will be responsible for the reintegration of the detainees in the community and will follow-up with the detainees for their endeavour in participating in the protection of the environment through the creation of green jobs and green energy.

1.6.2. Project Implementation
The project implementation phase will fall under the responsibility of MPS, participants of Association Kinoueté and UoM. Biogas production will be monitored by the prison officers and detainees. The testing of the biogas produced and the utilization of the biogas for cooking purposes and the possibility of electricity production will be assessed by MPS, Association Kinoueté and UoM.

1.6.3 Project Monitoring and Evaluation
A series of meetings will be conducted to gather information about the barriers, challenges and opportunities for improving the biogas production plant and to develop appropriate recommendations. An open day will be organized to demonstrate to the general public the potential of producing biogas for cooking and electricity generation from wastes and also to show the “Green Initiative” of MPS in achieving SDG 7 (Affordable and Clean Energy) and SDG 13 (Climate Action). In order to ensure a constant supply of organic wastes to the new biogas production plant, the community which is found in the vicinity of New Wing Prison and Richelieu Open Prison could also participate in this project by segregating their organic wastes at source and eventually contact MPS for the collection of these wastes. The collection system can be adapted from the existing waste collection system which has been developed for the Sustainable Waste Management Practices at Petit Verger Prison Project. Hence, the involvement of the community and other Forces Vives will be required.

Knowledge Management

It is planned to capture, share as well as disseminate the knowledge, lessons learned and good practices gained by inviting other stakeholders in the private and public sectors as well as community members to participate in a Workshop on this project. This will further be supported by organisational structures such as working with peers, coaching, setting up communities of practice and publish the outcomes of this project in a local newspaper as well as in international scientific journals. The outcomes of this project will be made available to other institutions and universities to undertake further research work on the biogas production plant. It is also envisaged to continue working in collaboration with the general public and any other organisations which are directly involved in the project as well as those concerned with the employment of detainees in custody and the released ones. (Ex-) detainees, engaged in the project, will be encouraged to share their experiences through talks in local communities and forums. This knowledge transfer will definitely support new structures, networks, partnerships and projects within Mauritius and the Indian Ocean region.


Gender Mainstreaming

This project will ensure participation and training in an equal and fair manner for male and female prison officers, male and female participants of Association Kinoueté and for mainly male detainees since the project will be implemented at male prisons. The various project activities have been designed in such a way that would benefit both men and women in gaining the required knowledge and experiences for the running of the biogas production plant. For instance, male and female prison officers as well as male detainees will understand the importance of waste segregation and will also acquire information on waste characteristics and composition. In addition, both genders will be in a position to operate, monitor and understand the health and safety measures of any biogas production plant. Furthermore, they will learn the potential use of biogas for cooking purposes and for electricity generation. The male and female prison officers as well as male detainees will thus be aware of the environmental and climate change impacts associated with an increase in waste generation and excessive use of non-renewable energy sources. Hence, both men and women participating in this project will understand that Waste is a Resource and this Sustainable Energy Production Practices Project is in line with SDG 5 (Gender Equality), SDG 7 (Affordable and Clean Energy) and SDG 13 (Climate Action).


Communication and Replication of Project Results

Once the new biogas production plant will be fully operational, an open day will be organized to demonstrate to the general public the potential of producing biogas for cooking and electricity generation from wastes and also to show the “Green Initiative” of MPS in achieving SDG 7 (Affordable and Clean Energy) and SDG 13 (Climate Action). During the open day, sensitization campaign will also be organized through the distribution of pamphlets on the importance of waste segregation and on the potential of converting waste into energy. A brochure will also be developed on the principle of AD, operation, monitoring and maintenance of the biogas production plant and health and safety measures. This biogas production plant will thus be a showcase for other institutions. Also, MPS will be in a position to implement such project for other interested parties. A case study and short video will be prepared to be shared on the SGP website and on social media.



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SECTION B: PROJECT RISKS, MONITORING & EVALUATION

2.0 Risks to Successful Implementation
Table 4 shows the major risks factors that could affect the smooth running of each of the activities of the biogas production plant and the possible risk mitigation measures that can be implemented to counteract these anticipated risks.

Table 4: Potential major risks and proposed mitigation measures
Activity Potential Major Risks Proposed Risk Mitigation Measures
Activity 1: Characterization of wastes disposing of waste component in the wrong bin
weighing balance not calibrated
errors in recording waste quantities
waste samples for testing not properly labelled
insufficient samples sent to UoM for analysis
decomposition of organic samples

proper training will be organised for the prison officers, detainees (men and women) and participants of Association Kinoueté on segregating each waste component in its dedicated bin
procedures to be followed for weighing the different waste components will be provided
bins will be labelled with the picture of the waste component to be collected
sampling protocol will be provided
samples for testing should be sent to UoM on the same day of collection, especially for organic wastes
Activity 2: Training at Richelieu Open Prison lack of commitment
reluctance in operating the bio-digester
lack of knowledge in health and safety issues a sense of belonging should be developed among detainees, prison officers, participants of Association Kinoueté by emphasizing their contribution in protecting the environment and in energy conservation
regular meetings and short trainings will be organised at each step of the project
Activity 3: Monitoring of 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system at Richelieu Open Prison Not abiding to operating procedures
lack of motivation and reluctance of prison officers and detainees to operate the plant
Biogas leakage
Risk of explosion
Risk of vandalism
Unauthorized person entering the biogas production plant site
Microbial infections
Overflow of digestate
Production of odours





training will be organised for the prison officers, participants of Association Kinoueté and detainees on the operating procedures to be followed
regular meetings and follow-ups will be organised with the prison officers, participants of Association Kinoueté and detainees so as to build their confidence and trust concerning health and safety issues related to the operation of the plant
Gas leakage will be regularly checked at the gas outlet as well as around the caps using soap water
The biogas storage system will further be protected using galvanized fence.
System will be placed outside to decrease risk of build ups
Safety signs indicating the following hazards: flammable gas, no naked flame and no smoking will be placed at the entrance of the site
The biogas bags will be protected using metallic fencing in case sharp objects are thrown on purpose
The biogas production plant site will be securely fenced and locked. Signage indicating no access to unauthorized person will be affixed at the entrance of the plant.
Gloves should be worn when handling organic wastes and digestate. Signage indicating no food items allowed should also be affixed at the entrance of the plant
regular monitoring will be conducted in order to avoid overflow of digestate and provisions should be made for the effluent disposal.
Steel wool should be used at the gas outlet so as to capture the emissions of hydrogen sulphide
Activity 4: Assessing potential of biogas production at Richelieu Open Prison Lack of motivation and poor recording
Biogas leakage
Risk of fire in the kitchen
Failure of biogas pump
Failure of biogas meter reading
Biogas stove not functioning
No biogas production training will be provided on importance on biogas monitoring and recording
Proper piping systems should be provided for the outlet of the biogas to the biogas bags. All connections should properly be sealed.
Proper ventilation in the kitchen should be ensured and fire extinguisher should be accessible inside the kitchen
The biogas pump will regularly be maintained. A spare biogas pump also be made available.
Daily monitoring of biogas meter reading. Spare part of biogas meter reader should be available.
Operating procedures for the proper functioning of the biogas stove will be provided and training will be given on its operation.
pH and volatile fatty acids should be monitored and the digestion process should be restarted either by adding fresh organic materials or by lime addition to decrease the acidity of the process
Activity 5: Sizing and designing of 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system integrated with solar heating system at New Wing Prison undersizing of biogas production plant
oversizing of biogas production plant
Delay in construction and lack of funding for purchase of equipment
Change in price of equipment a parallel installation of à bio-digester can be installed
organic wastes can be collected from the communities found in the vicinity of the prisons so as to ensure the required amount of organic wastes that should be fed in the plant
Provision should be made for advance contracting and retroactive financing.
the project budget should include contingencies
Activity 6: Training at New Wing Prison lack of commitment
reluctance in operating the bio-digester
lack of knowledge in health and safety issues a sense of belonging should be developed among detainees, prison officers, participants of Association Kinoueté by emphasizing their contribution in protecting the environment and in energy conservation
regular meetings and short trainings will be organised at each step of the project
Activity 7: Operation and monitoring of the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system integrated with solar heating system at New Wing Prison Not abiding to operating procedures
lack of motivation and reluctance of prison officers and detainees to operate the plant
Biogas leakage
Risk of explosion
Risk of vandalism
Unauthorized person entering the biogas production plant site
Microbial infections
Overflow of digestate
Overheating of biogas production plant
Production of odors
Solar panels damage





training will be organised for the prison officers, participants of Association Kinoueté and detainees on the operating procedures to be followed
regular meetings and follow-ups will be organised with the prison officers, participants of Association Kinoueté and detainees so as to build their confidence and trust concerning health and safety issues related to the operation of the plant
Gas leakage will be regularly checked at the gas outlet as well as around the capsusing soap water
Safety signs indicating the following hazards: flammable gas, no naked flame and no smoking will be placed at the entrance of the site
The biogas bags will be protected using metallic fencing in case sharp objects are thrown on purpose
The biogas production plant site will be securely fenced and locked. Signage indicating no access to unauthorized person will be affixed at the entrance of the plant.
Gloves should be worn when handling organic wastes and digestate. Signage indicating no food items allowed should also be affixed at the entrance of the plant
regular monitoring will be conducted in order to avoid overflow from of digestate and provisions should be made for the effluent disposal.
The biogas production plant should be cooled by switching off the heating system and water should be added
Steel wool should be used at the gas outlet so as to capture the emissions of hydrogen sulphide
a heat backup system, for example, electrical energy, should be integrated so as to ensure constant mesophilic conditions
Activity 8: Sensitization Campaigns lack of knowledge on waste segregation at source
reluctance in participating in this project
no understanding on biogas production and benefits meetings will be organised at Central Prison, Women Prison, Brown Sequard Hospital, Police Training School and nearby communities so as to explain the procedures to be followed for proper waste
the environmental benefits associated with waste segregation and the importance of energy conservation will be explained during the sensitization campaigns
an open day will be organised to present the results obtained and a short video will be produced
Activity 9: Treatment of digestate production of diluted digestate
production of digestate cake
production of active digestate the diluted digestate needs to be dewatered either by drying under the sun or by sedimentation before use
the biogas production plant should be opened and water should be added in order to scrap the digestate cake
the digestate should be composted to stabilize it before utilization for agronomic purposes

Key Assumptions
The key assumptions made so as to ensure proper project planning, implementation and feasibility are as follows:

all the project funding will be granted by the funding agencies/or institutions
timely release of funding
the required clearance and permits will be obtained from government agencies
no change in environmental regulations/policies regarding treatment of wastes at source
all required equipments will be purchased in due time
active participation of prison officers, detainees and participants of Association Kinoueté
sustained operation of the biogas production plant
good communication between all stakeholders
stable economic situation of the country (no inflation)
no delays in signature of contract between UoM consultants and MPS

2.1 Monitoring, Evaluation Plan and Indicators


Table 5: Activity Planning: Project work-plan and monitoring schedule
Name of Grant Recipient: Association Kinoueté
GEF Focal Area: Climate Change Adaptation
List the activities necessary to fulfill this objective. Indicate who is responsible for each activity and an indicator of activity accomplishment. Duration of Activity in Months
2017 2018 2019
Activity 1: Characterisation of Wastes Responsible Party Indicator Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan
1.1 Waste characterisation at Richelieu Open Prison and New Wing Prison to determine quantities and composition Prison officers and detainees and Association kinoueté 1560 kg of wastes generated
1.2 Analysis of physicochemical properties of wastes University of Mauritius
Activity 2: Training at Richelieu Open Prison Responsible Party Indicator Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan
2.1 Training on waste segregation University of Mauritius 2 prison officers, 1 member from Association Kinoueté and 5 detainees trained
2.2 Training on the operation of the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system and on the troubleshooting measures
2.3 Training on the safe use of biogas for cooking purposes
Activity 3: Monitoring of 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system at Richelieu Open Prison Responsible Party Indicator Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan
3.1 Amount of wastes treated Prison officers and University of Mauritius Diversion of 180kg of organic wastes away from landfilling
3.2 Monitoring the parameters of anaerobic digestion process Prison officers and University of Mauritius
3.3 Testing of the parameters University of Mauritius
Activity 4: Assessing potential of biogas production at Richelieu Open Prison Responsible Party Indicator Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan
4.1 Monitoring of biogas production Prison officers and detainees 1.4 m3 of biogas produced per day
4.2 Testing of biogas produced University of Mauritius 59.3% of methane produced
4.3 Utilisation of biogas produced for cooking purposes and possibility for electricity production Prison officers, detainees and University of Mauritius 2% of LPG displaced
Activity 5: Sizing and designing of 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system integrated with solar heating system at New Wing Prison Responsible Party Indicator Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan
5.1 Site visit at New Wing Prison Prison Officers, Association Kinoueté and University of Mauritius 410kg of organic wastes generated
5.2 Design of biogas production plant with integrated solar panels. University of Mauritius
5.3 Construction of 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system integrated with solar heating system Prison officers, Detainees, Association Kinoueté and University of Mauritius
Activity 6: Training at New Wing Prison Responsible Party Indicator Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan
6.1 Training on waste segregation University of Mauritius 2 women prison officers and 5 female detainees trained from Women Prison. 3 men prison officers and 10 male detainees trained from New Wing Prison as well as 1 member from Association Kinoueté
6.2 Training on the operation of the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system integrated with solar heating system and on the troubleshooting measures
6.3 Training on the safe use of biogas for cooking purposes and electricity production
Activity 7: Operation and monitoring of the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system integrated with solar heating system at New Wing Prison Responsible Party Indicator Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan
7.1 Monitoring the parameters of the anaerobic digestion process Prison officers and detainees 68% of CO2 emission reduction
7.2 Testing the parameter University of Mauritius
7.3 Biogas production monitoring on a daily basis Prison officers and detainees, Association Kinoueté and University of Mauritius
7.4 Testing of biogas produced University of Mauritius
7.5 Utilisation of biogas for cooking purposes Prison officers and detainees
7.6 Utilisation of biogas for electricity production Amount of electricity produced from fossil fuels
Activity 8: Sensitization Campaigns Responsible Party Indicator Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan
8.1 Sensitization campaigns for other institutions and at community level Prison officers Sensitization of 250 people
Activity 9: Treatment of digestate Responsible Party Indicator Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan
9.1 Training on the possible use and treatment of digestate University of Mauritius Reduction of 0.4 tons of chemical fertiliser use

Indicate persons responsible for monitoring and progress reports: Geeta Somaroo Monitoring Frequency / Reporting
Monitoring and Record-Keeping University of Mauritius/ Mauritius Prison Service
Progress Reports University of Mauritius

In order to achieve the step and milestones (Table 3) set forth for the implementation plan (Table 5), the performance of the project will be tracked in terms of regular monitoring, monitoring reports, troubleshooting and progress reports. The impacts to be assessed for the set objectives will be in terms of environmental, socioeconomic and technological impacts. The waste characterization study will enable the determination of waste composition that can be diverted away from the landfill. The setting up of the biogas production plant will also convert the waste being generated at the prison into biogas. This biogas which is composed mainly of methane and carbon dioxide will be converted into cooking gas and electricity. Thus reducing the amount of methane being released into the atmosphere and contributing in the reduction of greenhouse gas emission. The use of a renewable source of energy (solar energy) for the heating of the biogas production plant to reach mesophilic conditions will put less pressure on fossil fuels utilisation. In addition, the digestate produced will sustainably be used for direct land application as well as for composting with other sources of wastes. The compost produced can be used for agronomical purposes, thus reducing the application of chemical fertilisers on agricultural land. Hence, this biogas production plant will produce no solid, liquid and gaseous wastes and can be considered as a zero waste plant. Any mid-course feedback will be addressed by reviewing the operating procedures, organizing regular meetings for follow up purposes and training sessions to tackle any problems that might arise such as breaking of parts, odour problems, gas and liquid leakages and no production of biogas. The participations of the community, during the monitoring and evaluation processes, will be achieved through the organization of workshop, surveys (social acceptance, operation and biogas production) and site visits will also be organized.


Project Indicators
Measureable indicators were assigned for each output of the nine activities as shown in Table 6.
Table 6: Measureable indicators were assigned for each output
Outcomes Measurable indicators
Outcome 1: Waste Characterisation 480 kg of wastes generated
Output 1.1: Quantities of organic wastes (for example, vegetable and fruit peelings), paper, plastic and yard wastes.
Output 1.2: Percentage composition of organic wastes (for example vegetable and fruit peelings), paper, plastic and yard wastes.
Output 1.3: Physicochemical properties such as: moisture content, pH, volatile solids, total solids content, bulk density, electrical conductivity and carbon-to-nitrogen ratio
Outcome 2: Training at Richelieu Open Prison
Output 2.1: No. of people trained (male prison officers, detainees and members of Association Kinoueté) 2 prison officers, 1 member from Association Kinoueté and 5 detainees trained
Outcome 3: Operation of 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system at Richelieu Open Prison
Output 3.1: Amount of wastes treated Diversion of 180kg of organic wastes from landfilling
Outcome 4: Biogas production at Richelieu Open Prison 1.4 m3 of biogas produced per day
Output 4.1: Volume of biogas produced daily
Output 4.2: Percentage of methane gas obtained per week 59.3% of methane produced
Output 4.3: Amount of LPG displaced 2% of LPG displaced
Output 4.4: Amount of electricity produced from biogas
Output 4.5: Amount electricity consumed from non-renewable sources
Outcome 5: Sizing and Designing of 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system integrated with solar heating system
Output 5.1: Amount of wastes treated 410 kg of organic wastes generated
Outcome 6: Training at New Wing Prison
Output 6.1: No. of people trained (male and female prison officers, detainees and members of Association Kinoueté) 2 women prison officers and 5 female detainees trained from Women Prison. 3 men prison officers and 10 male detainees trained from New Wing Prison as well as 1 member from Association Kinoueté
Outcome 7: Operation and monitoring of the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system integrated with solar heating system at New Wing Prison 68% of CO2 emission reduction
Output 7.1: Amount of electricity generated from solar panels
Output 7.2: Amount of solar energy used in 3-zone plug flow bio-digester system integrated with solar heating system
Output 7.3: Amount of solar energy stored
Output 7.4: Amount of solar energy sold to the grid
Output 7.5: Volume of biogas produced
Output 7.6: Percentage of biogas produced
Output 7.7: Amount of wastes treated Diversion of 410kg of organic wastes from landfilling
Outcome 8: Sensitization
Output 8.1: Sensitization campaigns for other institutions and at community level Sensitization of 250 people
Outcome 9: Use of Digestate
Output 9.1: Amount of digestate produced Reduction in 0.4 tons of chemical fertiliser use
Output 9.2: Amount of digestate applying to land
Output 9.3: Amount of digestate using for composting

2.2 Sustainability of Results Achieved
The waste characterization studies that will be carried out at Richelieu Open Prison and New Wing Prison will determine the amount of wastes being generated at both prisons, as well as, the characteristics of these wastes in terms of moisture content, pH, volatile solids, bulk density, electrical conductivity and carbon-to-nitrogen ratio. These results can thus be used in future waste treatment projects at the other prisons. The training sessions will equip the detainees (men and women), prison officers and members of Association Kinoueté with the necessary know-how and tools for the operation and monitoring of the 3-zone plug flow bio-digester systems at both prisons. The utilization of a renewable source of energy (solar heating system) and the use of biogas for production of electricity and cooking gas are in line with SDG 7 (Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all) and SDG 13 (Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts). Hence, this project will help MPS to save on its energy consumption from nonrenewable sources, as well, as, reducing the costs of its electricity and LPG consumption, in the long run. The Central Prison, Women Prison, Police Training school, Brown Sequard Hospital, nearby community will contribute in this project by providing the organic wastes that are being generated on their premises and this will subsequently reduce the amount of organic wastes being landfilled. The results obtained in this project can be also be replicated in other prisons and institutions.

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SECTION C: PROJECT BUDGET
3.1 Financial Details

Project Funding Summary
Table 9 provides a summary on how the project will be funded.

Table 9: Project funding summary
Funding Source Funding Plan, [MUR] Total [MUR]
15 Months
a. GEF SGP 815,238 815,238
b. Community 100,000 100,000
c. Proposing Organization – Mauritius Prison Service 500,020 500,020
University of Mauritius (UoM) 100,000 100,000
d. Other co-financers - MRC 326,709 326,709
Total Project Cost 1,841,966 1,841,966
September Rate of Exchange is Rs 32.6095
Community Contribution

Table 10: Community Contributions
Sources of Community Contribution Type (cash/in kind ) Committed or Projected?* Value, in local currency
1.- Raw Materials – Organic Wastes In kind Projected 100,000
Total 100,000

Proposing Organization Contribution
Table 11: Proposing organizations contributions
Sources of Contribution Type Committed or Projected? Value, local currency
1.UoM In kind committed 100,000
2. MPS In kind committed 500,020
Total 600,020

3.2 Projected Expenditures

Table 12: Projected expenditures

EXPENDITU
 
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Project Snapshot

Grantee:
Association Kinouété
Country:
Mauritius
Area Of Work:
Climate Change Mitigation
Grant Amount:
US$ 25,000.00
Co-Financing Cash:
Co-Financing in-Kind:
US$ 30,291.62
Project Number:
MAR/SGP/OP6/YR3/CORE/CC/2017/04
Status:
Project Terminated Before Completion

Partnership

Mauritius Prison Services

Grantee Contact

Mr Michel Vielliesse
Phone: 4280685
Fax: 697 1248
Email: assokinouete@intnet.mu
 

Address

Avenue La seringue, Palma
Quatre-Bornes , Plaines Wilhems , 230

SGP Country office contact

Mrs. Pamela Bapoo-Dundoo
Phone:
(230) 213 53 84
Fax:
(230) 212 14 11
Email:

Address

2nd Floor, Sugar Industry Pension Fund Building, 1 Remy Ollier Street
Port Louis, Mauritius

Country Website