Reducing Lagoon Pollution in World Heritage Site Buffer Zone Through Basic Sanitation Facilities
Reducing Lagoon Pollution in World Heritage Site Buffer Zone Through Basic Sanitation Facilities
PROPOSAL: Reducing Lagoon Pollution in UNESCO buffer zone through Basic Sanitation Facilities SECTION A: PROJECT RATIONALE AND APPROACH
1.1 Project Summary

Le Morne Village is located on the southwest coast of Mauritius and, according to Statistics Mauritius conducted in 2011, it has a population of 1343 inhabitants. Le Morne village is one of the least developed coastal areas in Mauritius. It was ranked last i.e. the 145th place below all the other towns and villages in Mauritius according to the RDI in the census carried out in July 2011.

During a survey carried out by Le Morne Heritage Trust Fund on the local community, 17% had no schooling, 54% of the population interviewed had reached primary education, 17% has gone up to secondary education. The inhabitants derive their income mostly from sea/fishing and other manual jobs as labourers, housemaid, handicraft, and mason. A few are employed in hotels while some others live on pension.
Since 2008, Le Morne Village is an intrinsic part of the cultural landscape of Le Morne as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The village extends along the Black river Savanne coastal road and the eastern border of the Buffer Zone which runs along the crest of the Le Petit Morne mountain range from point U to Y. (

The report from UNESCO-WHC emphasised that in order to ensure that outward appearances do not appear to show the main beneficiaries of the Le Morne world heritage as being hotel-owners and the land owning class of Mauritians, the community at le Morne village needs to be assisted in terms of settlement space and with basic infrastructure needs. This apparent highly visible inequality needs to be addressed in order to avoid it presenting a threat to the conservation of the site.

Access to basic sanitary facilities is one of the basic conditions of a decent and healthy life. For the poor and most vulnerable in Le Morne Village, their living conditions are extreme since they do not enjoy the facilities of having a toilet and a shower for their daily use. 36 of such families have been identified, who, still in 2016, have recourse to open defecation and bath. The Sustainable Development Goal 6, Target 6.2 calls on countries to achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations by 2030.

Lack of sanitation and prevalence of poor hygiene behaviours affects mostly youngsters as it impact on their health as well as their social development. Overexposure to waterborne contaminants lead to frequent diarrheal diseases or skin problems and force them to be absent from school. Sanitation-related diseases impact on the social life of women and young girls more compared to their male counterpart. Young girls are left out of the education system and this may contribute to unequal learning opportunities.
Furthermore promiscuity is another problem as many families in Le Morne are large extended ones dwelling on same plot. Safety issues are particularly important for women and children, who otherwise risk sexual harassment and assault when defecating at night and in secluded areas.

Poor sanitary facilities and poor hygiene practices is serious threat to the lagoon in front of the village. This lagoon forms part of the buffer zone of Le Morne Cultural Landscape. Given the topography and geology of Le Morne village, effluents and contaminated waters are washed down into the lagoon. The high prevalence of seaweeds is an indication of the nitrate content, which impact on marine life.

Improving access to sanitation is a critical step towards reducing the impact of these diseases and pollution. It also helps create physical environments that enhance safety, dignity and self-esteem.

Being conscious that social development and economic progress can also be achieved when basic human living conditions are met, our project is to provide basic sanitary facilities for the poor and most vulnerable people in Le Morne Village. Our NGO which works at grass root level with the local population has identified 36 households who desperately need proper and decent sanitary units. Our project will provide a flushing toilet, a shower cabinet and a sanitary basin to these 36 families. The project will be on a 12 months’ duration.

The project has two components. The first one is the physical aspect of the project which comprises of the upgrading of 36 sanitary WC/shower cabinets as well the installation of septic tanks and absorption pits and other connections as per the specifications found in the survey of the land commissioned.

The second component of the project is social since it will involve the active participation of the local community in the project. As the projects starts, the local people (beneficiaries and other inhabitants) will give their help in kind to make this project a success. Their contribution will be felt at different stages of the project: for site clearance, excavation, building stages, assembly of the iron corrugated sheets. Their contribution will also be felt on the social level by their presence on PIC meetings through their representatives, their participation during information and sensitization sessions and in the household surveys. Our motto in the social aspect of the project is to make the people of Le Morne Village participate actively so as to promote social responsibility and community development as well as to give them the opportunity to take ownership of their actions.

Lead’s empowerment of the community will be felt at the launching of the project which will be made by the DCP, our main funder for this project, the UNDP our associate and partner, Plateforme Kominoter Morne (a group of local NGOs), the district council’s representatives and the village’s representatives. This occasion, which will be highlighted by the unveiling of a commemorative plate for this project, will help to empower further our small village and its people. Our beneficiaries and all the inhabitants of Le Morne will feel proud of their involvement in the project. They will feel a sense of accomplishment in this project, which started off as a mere wish and which grew, over the months, to become a tangible reality.

1.2 Organizational Background and Capacity of L.E.A.D to implement the project
Our Vision: Enriching people in their communities for a better and sustainable future.
Our Mission: Since our inception in 2010, our overarching aim has been to help alleviate social issues such as substance abuse, HIV/AIDS, and poverty through advocacy, prevention and sensitization, especially in pockets of poverty. In order to achieve this aim, L.E.A.D. has adopted a unique community approach whereby we work towards the capacity building of the communities through the empowerment of the youth. We train youth to become young leaders in their community so that they themselves become agents of positive change. This integrated community approach is L.E.A.D.’s unique asset and it ensures that the work accomplished will lead towards a sustainable progress in the communities.
Our Approach: L.E.A.D. has a holistic approach which is centred on social inclusion, social leadership & community development. L.E.A.D. recognises the importance of not simply treating cases in isolation, but looking at the bigger picture to make a more positive impact. Therefore, we strongly believe in working in partnership with stakeholders at various level. We build and fosterclose ties with the community, the community-based organisations and other non-governmental organisations, so as to encourage action to be taken by the members of the community themselves. Simultaneously, we also work in collaboration with the private sector and the United Nations agencies present in Mauritius. We believe that the best results are obtained when there is strong interaction, co-creation, and teamwork between L.E.A.D. and all the stakeholders of a community. When working with children, we ensure that we tailor our approach to have the greatest possible impact. We make use of music, arts and other creative activities to boost engagement.

• Our main action is in the pockets of poverty across the island.
• Reduce social ills such as substance abuse, poverty and HIV / AIDS through advocacy, capacity building for prevention and action.
• Developing young leaders at community level to become agents of change for sustainable development.
• Strengthen local development through community participation.
• Be a "model" for the community
• Developing bridges for prevention and communicating messages to young people through innovative measures.

Main Achievements
• AIDS Candlelight since 2010
• Community development, STI prevention, early pregnancy, addictions and training of young leaders in more than 20 vulnerable communities.
• Youth Prevention Center, unique in the Indian Ocean, Tibaz - Espace Santé Jeunes

Number of beneficiaries:10,000 and Funding sources: Private funders: MCB Forward Foundation, Rogers, Terra Foundation,
1.3 Project Objectives and Expected Results
Statement of the Problem for the project
• According to a survey carried out by Le Morne Heritage Trust Fund, 36 households, whereby 147persons have been identified having no proper sanitary facility and access to safe excreta disposal.
• Open defecation is a hazard to the health of the community as well as to the environment and ecosystem in that region.
• All the human microbial wastes are washed down into the lagoon, which forms part of the buffer zone for Le Morne Cultural Landscape. Fishing and recreational activities are led in this lagoon.

Rationale for the project
This project is in line with the International Waters focal area, the SGP OP6 Component 6 on“Promoting Social Inclusion” as a demonstration project for poverty eradication while targeting gender equality and youths. This project will provide the basic conditions for a decent a healthy life for the 36 families in Le Morne Community. It will also reduce the inadequacy that has mustered the social development of the village, where five star hotels flourished on one side of Le Morne mountain and families with poor or inexistent sanitary on the other side. The project is also in line with the SDG 6, Target 6.2 that calls on countries to achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations by 2030.
Furthermore, microbial wastes will be safely disposed of when the project is completed. Improving the environmental sanitation conditions will be highly beneficial to the whole community, especially youngsters who are vulnerable mostly to sanitary related diseases. The sanitary units will be offer safety and respect to women and young girls in areas where problem related to promiscuity prevails.
Surface runoffs, charge with microbial wastes is a major environmental threat to beach an lagoon ecosystem and natural environment. Such pollution ultimately impact on the social and economic development of the locality. The beach front and lagoon, being part of the buffer zone, must imperatively be protected or rehabilitated. This project will be the first step towards addressing the major environmental issues related to lagoon protection and marine conservation.

The total project cost is Rs. 5,826 240 (See attached document). To date financial contribution to the tune of Rs. 3,950 000 has been received from DCP (Rs 2M), UNDP-NSA Unit (Rs 900,000), HSBC (Rs. 400,000), SICOM Foundation (Rs 500,000) and US Embassy (Rs 150,000). Co-funding to the tune of Rs. 1,876 240 is being requested from the GEF Small Grants Programme and other partners to allow completion of the project. The contractor has agreed to

Intervention logic Objectively verifiable indicators of achievement Sources and means of verification Assumptions
Overall objectives Provide Basic Sanitation in Le Morne Village
Construction of 36 Sanitary Units
Poor and vulnerable people in Le Morne Village have access to decent sanitary facilities
-Household survey reports
-No. of households deprived of sanitary facilities
- No. of persons per household identified
-The Le Morne Local Economic Development Plan
-Relative Development Index, Statistics Mauritius
-Space availability for household identified.
Specific objective Poor and vulnerable people of Le Morne Village are equipped with decent sanitary facilities SO. "Indicator 1" : All 36 Sanitary units are operational at completion of project
SO. "Indicator 2" : 90%-100% of the targeted vulnerable population are provided with decent Sanitary facilities
SO. "Indicator 3" :Targeted beneficiary adopt good hygienic practices
SO. "Indicator 4" :90-100% elimination of microbial human wastes at end of project
-Household survey reports at the beginning of the project and household survey reports at the end of the project
-Decrease by 90% of the number of households deprived from proper toilet facilities
-List of beneficiaries
-Mid-year report
-End of project report
-‘Ene Twalet eke ne Dous Pou Twa’, report on Le Morne by UNDP consultant -Favourable weather conditions
-No soil erosion
-No cyclonic weather with risk of tidal waves
- No accident or damage to private property

Expected results R1 – Project for Construction of Sanitary Units is well managed

1.1 "Indicator 1”: Tender is floated on time.
1.2 Indicator 2" : Project is completed to satisfaction, on time and within budget

1.3 "Indicator 3" : Administrative records in place and up-to-date
1.4 "Indicator 4" :Reports to donor agency drafted and submitted on time Indicator 1.1: source 1:Project administrative records
Indicator 1.2: source 1: Project administrative records
Indicator 1.2: source 2:Progress interim and end-of-project reports
Indicator 1.3 source 1: Progress interim and end-of-project reports
Indicator 1.4: source 1: Financial interim and end-of-project reports -Project is accepted for funding
-The technical advisor performs to satisfaction
-No major variation of works
-The beneficiaries collaborate in smooth running of project
R2 – Poor and vulnerable people of Le Morne Village acquire a more decent living condition
2.1 "Indicator 1" : 90%-100% of the targeted vulnerable population have decent toilet facilities near their homes
2.2 "Indicator 2" :Beneficiaries have operational Sanitary facilities and at least 90% of them see an improvement in their living conditions
Indicator 2.1: source 1 :List of beneficiaries equipped with toilet facilities
Indicator 2.2: source 1:Home visits
Indicator 2.2: source 2:Interviews of the beneficiaries
The project is built according to required specifications
The project abides to the Design Guidance of Le Morne Cultural Landscape
Beneficiaries maintain sanitary well
There is water accessibility

R3 – Eliminate Open Defecation to reduce microbial wastes in the environment. 3.1- "Indicator 1" :Beneficiaries have adopted good hygienic practices

3.2- "Indicator 2" : Sanitary facilities are operational Indicator 3.1: source 1 :List of beneficiaries equipped with toilet facilities
Indicator 3.1: source 2 :Health surveillance surveys in the community
Indicator 3.2: source 1:Home visits surveys
Indicator 3.2: source 2:Interviews of the beneficiaries The project is built according to required specifications
Beneficiaries use and maintain their sanitary appropriately.
Water supply is available
R4 – The whole community, especially women of Le Morne are empowered by the project 4.1-"Indicator 1" : At least 50% of beneficiaries contribute directly to the project

4.2- "Indicator 2" : Inhabitants of the village give support to the project

4.3-"Indicator 3" :Beneficiaries understand the environmental and health hazard due to microbial waste

4.4-"Indicator 4" :Women participating actively to disseminate good hygienic practices among youngsters
Indicator4.1: source 1: List of beneficiaries who are working on site
Indicator4.1: source 2: Attendance sheet on work site
Indicator4.1: source 3:Feedbacks of the beneficiaries

Indicator 4.2: source 1: List of local inhabitants who are working voluntarily on site
Indicator 4.2: source 2:List of other contributions given by the local inhabitants
Indicator 4.2: source 3: Attendance sheet on regular meetings

Indicator 4.3: source 1: Attendance sheet on regular meetings
Indicator 4.3: source 2:Home visits surveys
Indicator 4.4: source 1:Interviews of the beneficiaries The project is carried out within budget estimates
Beneficiaries are satisfied with the toilet facilities
Beneficiaries use and maintain their sanitary units
Water Supply is available
The beneficiaries are not dealing with other priority issues like food and shelter
Unforeseen events (cyclones or tidal waves) which may shift the focus of the population on other basic needs dilemmas.
There is no accident on site

1.4 Description of Project Activities
Result 1: Project for Construction of Sanitary Units is well managed
Activity 1.1 Setting up of PIC for oversight PIC set up and operational Notes of PIC monthly meetings
Activity 1.2 Information sessions on the project for the people of Le Morne Village No. of sessions held -Summary of sessions
-Attendance sheet by date
Activity 1.3. Setting up of an administrative system for the project Administrative system set up and working
Identify Project Coordinator
Identify Project Manager
Identify Field /Social Worker Existence of documents:
-Records of PIC
-Registry files for correspondence
-Case files
-Procurement records
-Accounts ledger
1.4 Tendering and Construction Phase
Activity 1.4.1 Recruitment of a Technical Advisor for all Tendering and Technical aspects Post of Technical Advisor filled -Work contract for Technical Advisor -Acceptance letter for position offered -A civil engineer accepts the terms and conditions proposed
Activity 1.4.2 Tendering procedures (Selective Tendering approach) Award of contract to successful bidder Procurement records
-Records of meetings
-Invoices, receipts Several contractors responded and the lowest Bidder was chosen
Activity 1.4.3. Site clearance
-Local people help to clear their land
-Relocation of services -Cost of site clearance
-List of people, beneficiaries and other volunteers, who contributed to the site clearance Possible Delay due to
-Trees to remove and services to relocate
-Presence of rock formation
Activity 1.4.5 Construction of Sanitary Units -The contractor mobilises plant and equipment for construction phase
-No. of sanitary unit constructed = 36
Type 1: toilet-bath +readymade septic tank + absorption pit. No. of units needed = 30
Type 3:Toilet-bath . No. of units needed= 6 Sanitary Units are constructed within consultant’s specifications and within budget estimates
Work may be delayed due to weather condition or Tidal waves
Activity 1.4.6 Supervision of works No. of site visits
Site meetings Records of site visits
Pictures of work in progress
Site instruction records
Measurement of work done Work may be delayed due to bad weather condition or tidal waves
Activity 1.5 Preparation of progress and financial reports Reports submitted as scheduled Progress and financial reports
Activity 1.6. Final evaluation of project Monitoring and evaluation completed Final evaluation report

1.5 Implementation Plan and Time Frame



2.0 Risks to Successful Implementation

Project Number: Project Name:
Name of Grant Recipient:
Brief Description of General Objective of Project:

GEF Focal Area: Project Start and End Dates:
Brief Description of Specific Objective #1:

List the activities necessary to fulfil this objective. Indicate who is responsible for each activity and an indicator of activity accomplishment. Duration of Activity in Months (or Quarters- PLEASE SPECIFY))
Activity Responsible Party Indicator 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Brief Description of Specific Objective #2:

Activity Responsible Party Indicator 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Indicate persons responsible for monitoring and progress reports: Monitoring Frequency / Reporting
Monitoring and Record-Keeping
Progress Reports
This table may be modified to meet the requirements of individual projects. It can be extended as necessary to cover all objectives and activities. Ideally it should be completed in the project development stage by the NGO/CBO with assistance from the National Coordinator and his/her Technical Assistant

Please see attached document for details pertaining to budget.


A. GEF SGP Project Indicators

GEF SGP project indicators in the focal areas of biodiversity, climate change, land degradation and sustainable forest management, international waters, and chemicals are presented below. Proponents are advised to select relevant focal area indicators from the table below. In addition, proponents (if necessary in consultation with the NC), should identify and include indicators within the areas of impact pertaining to “Capacity Development, Policy Influence & Innovation”, “Livelihoods & Sustainable Development, Community Based Adaptation and Empowerment”.

GEF SGP OP5 results indicators
Biodiversity (BD)
BD1 o Hectares of indigenous and community conserved areas (ICCAs) influenced
o Hectares of protected areas influenced
o Hectares of significant ecosystems with improved conservation status
BD2 o Hectares of production landscapes / seascapes applying sustainable use practices
o Number of significant species with maintained or improved conservation status
o Total value of biodiversity products/ecosystem services produced (US dollar equivalent)
Climate Change (CC)
CCM1 o Tonnes of CO2 avoided by implementing low carbon technologies:
? Renewable energy measures (please specify)
? Energy efficiency measures (please specify)
? Other (please specify)
o Number of community members demonstrating or deploying low-GHG technologies
o Total value of energy or technology services provided (US dollar equivalent)
CCM4 o Tonnes of CO2 avoided by implementing low carbon technologies:
? Low carbon transport practices (please specify)
o Total value of transport services provided (US dollar equivalent)
CCM5 o Hectares of land under improved land use and climate proofing practices
o Tonnes of CO2 avoided through improved land use and climate proofing practices
Land degradation (LD) & Sustainable Forest Management (SFM)
LD1 o Hectares of land applying sustainable forest, agricultural and water management practices
o Hectares of degraded land restored and rehabilitated
LD3 o Number of communities demonstrating sustainable land and forest management practices
International Waters (IW)
IW o Hectares of river/lake basins applying sustainable management practices and contributing to implementation of SAPs
o Hectares of marine/coastal areas or fishing grounds managed sustainably
o Tonnes of land-based pollution avoided
Chemicals (POPs)
POPS o Tons of solid waste prevented from burning by alternative disposal
o Kilograms of obsolete pesticides disposed of appropriately
o Kilograms of harmful chemicals avoided from utilization or release
Capacity Development, Policy and Innovation (all focal areas)
CD o Number of consultative mechanisms established for Rio convention frameworks (please specify)
o Number of community-based monitoring systems demonstrated (please specify)
o Number of new technologies developed /applied (please specify)
o Number of local or regional policies influenced (level of influence 0 – 1 – 2 – 3 – 4 – 5)
o Number of national policies influenced (level of influence 0 – 1 – 2 – 3 – 4 – 5)
o Number of people trained on: project development, monitoring, evaluation etc. (to be specified according to type of training)
Livelihoods, Sustainable Development, and Empowerment (all focal areas)
Cross-cutting Livelihoods & Sustainable Development:
o Number of participating community members (gender disaggregated) (Note: mandatory for all projects)
o Number of days of food shortage reduced
o Number of increased student days participating in schools
o Number of households who get access to clean drinking water
o Increase in purchasing power by reduced spending, increased income, and/or other means (US dollar equivalent)
o Total value of investments (e.g. infrastructure, equipment, supplies) in US Dollars (Note: estimated economic impact of investments to be determined by multiplying infrastructure investments by 5, all others by 3).
o Number of NGOs/CBOs formed or registered
o Number of indigenous peoples directly supported
o Number of women-led projects supported
o Number of quality standards/labels achieved or innovative financial mechanisms put in place

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Project Snapshot

Leadership Empowerment Action Development
Area Of Work:
International Waters
Grant Amount:
US$ 17,266.00
Co-Financing Cash:
US$ 113,065.23
Co-Financing in-Kind:
Project Number:
Satisfactorily Completed
Number of women participated / involved in SGP project 70
Hectares of globally significant international water body or marine and coastal protected area sustainably managed or protected by SGP project 2200
Number of individuals (gender diaggregated) who have benefited* from SGP project 142

Grantee Contact

Mr Danny Philippe


Govinden Lane
Floreal ,

SGP Country office contact

Mrs. Pamela Bapoo-Dundoo
(230) 213 53 84
(230) 212 14 11


2nd Floor, Sugar Industry Pension Fund Building, 1 Remy Ollier Street
Port Louis, Mauritius

Country Website