SCALING UP RURAL SOLAR ELECTRIFICATION TO VULNERABLE COMMUNITIES FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT.
SCALING UP RURAL SOLAR ELECTRIFICATION TO VULNERABLE COMMUNITIES FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT.
Cameroon is situated at the golf of Guinee between 2° and 13° of latitude from the Nord and 9° to 16° of longitude to the East. Cameroon like many other developing countries, face tremendous problems associated with the management of its natural resources stretching from social, political, economical and environmental. Cameroon covering a surface area of 475440km can boast of only 48.7 % electricity access rate (Renewable country profile, IRENA report) living a significant population in the dark. The absence of electricity leaves rural areas (11% access with constant cuts) to continue to witness poverty, falling standards in education and health care crisis. According to International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) Cameroon has a total electricity generation of 5.7 TWh - Of which renewable is 4,025 GWh (70.1 %). With a significantly high capacity to generate renewable energy (wind, solar, hydro, biomass) and favorable laws and policies put in place to promote renewable energy, Cameroon projects a favorable environment for investments in renewable energy.

Manyu division in which the project shall be implemented situated in the south west region, covers a surface area of 9565 Km2 with a population of over 177, 389 (2001) divided into four subdivisions; Akwaya, Eyumojock, Mamfe Central and upper Bayang with an average temperature of 27oc. Socio economic life revolves around farming, stock breeding, trading, handicraft, exploitation of NTFP’s, hunting and fishing. With over 90% of its population living in villages, fossil fuel, firewood, candles are their only source of energy. The accumulated adverse effect of using these over time results to health and environmental hazards.

From 2010 to 2012, RUWDEC in partnership with Barefoot College India and the Indian Government under the sponsorship of the GEF Small grant program implemented the first community based solar project in Cameroon. This project provided 98 solar panels to 98 household in Munyange trouble in the South West Region of Cameroon benefiting over 500 inhabitants and creating opportunities for women to participant in community development as solar engineers.

Recognizing that women are more affected and consequently have a significant role to play in transformative change, this project proposes to promote poverty alleviation and gender participation through the provision of solar energy to about 250 households and health centre, the establishment of a community sustainable unit (fresh food store) and grounding mil powered by solar energy and training of women as solar engineers.

In effect it seeks to ameliorate the standard of living of grass root communities through the provision of electricity which inevitably is a key factor to trigger economic growth, improve the quality of health care service and education. Implementing the Gender and development approach women shall be key mechanisms in the execution of the project (empowered as solar engineers). With much concern directed towards building a path towards sustainable development, this project proposes a sustainable solutions (renewable energy) which respects the environment and will serve as a reliable source of energy to communities projected to access hydro electricity in less than 8 year. Will Increase income of marginalised households to diversified their source of income through provision of improved cassava and plantains farm and techniques, mitigate climate change through the planting of Non timber forest products like Bush mango and Eru that would serve as an alternative source of income for the marginalised household and empowering marginalised households on environmental conservation and protection, forest management and climate change in combating climate change.

We shall partner with Barefoot College Tilonia India, utilising particularly its village solar module for sustainability which identifies and provides grass root communities with solar electricity around the world through the formation and use of grandmother solar engineers as key mechanisms in its implementation.
 
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Project Snapshot

Grantee:
Rural Women Development Centre
Country:
Cameroon
Area Of Work:
Climate Change Mitigation
Grant Amount:
US$ 48,893.00
Co-Financing Cash:
US$ 103,169.23
Co-Financing in-Kind:
US$ 5,215.30
Project Number:
CMR/SGP/OP5/Y4/CORE/CC/14/01
Status:
Satisfactorily Completed

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Project Characteristics and Results
Project sustainability
- Livelihood activities implemented, and planting materials provided serve as an economic stream and an alternative source of income generation. 159 farmers have been trained, farm equipment provided, 4 demonstration farms established (1200 plantain and 2500 cassava crops) on over 1.5hectars. Propagators for plantain and Eru multiplication established (Eru propagator capacity 900 and plantain 2500). 3000 bush mango nurseries equally established and distributed. Eru demonstration farm of a capacity of 50 plant established. This has greatly diversified their source of income and enhanced their production capacity. - The productive rate of cassava stands at an average of 6.6kg, 9.9 tubers and 103.8 cuttings per stand and an income stream is 3,344,705 FCFA(1$ = 500 CFA frs) this has tremendously increased household income and supported families meet up with alternative need out of farm supplies. As community member intensify the production of cassava they generate more and fast income and readily food supplies as opposed to relying solely on cocoa farming. This addresses food security and poverty level of participating households. - For solar panel management and maintenance 2 women have been trained. Their connection with the community reduces the susceptibility of migrating to cities. For support other 13 animators (9women and 4 men) from within the community. This managing body currently manages the solar systems of the learning center but will have a bigger responsibility when support is obtained for the provision of panels. - A local project committee in created and their capacity strengthened to oversees and manage the overall project activities, mobilize community and manage community conflict within the context of this project. Currently they provide support to groups managing demonstration farms, learning centers and the damages caused within the community as a result of the noncompliance of our funding partners for the provision of panels.
Promoting Public Awareness of Global Environment
- Mobilisation and Sensitisation meetings, public talks and radio talks will be carried out to raise awareness on climate change. - Training workshop will be organized to train community members on environmental conservation and sustainable forest management. - T-shirt, flyer, paper bags and training manuals will be printed to show the impact of the project in mitigating climate change.
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Indicators
Biophysical
Number of innovations or new technologies developed / applied 1
Empowerment
Number of women participated / involved in SGP project 2
Livehood
Number of households who have benefited* from SGP project 250
Livehood
Number of individuals (gender diaggregated) who have benefited* from SGP project 1000

Partnership

Barefoot College India

Grantee Contact

Mme Nelly Shella Tchaptcheut Yonga
Phone: (237) 677 81 61 24
Email: ruwdec@yahoo.co.uk
 

Address

Brigade Junction opposite Baptist High School
Buea , South West , P.O. Box 408

SGP Country office contact

Ms. Mpeck Nyemeck Marie-Laure
Email:
Mr. Fogué Aimé Kamga
Phone:
(237) 22 20 08 00/22 20 08 01
Email:

Address

c/o UNDP Office, P.O. Box 836
Yaounde