Swine Farming Sustainability Improvement Project in St. Kitts
Swine Farming Sustainability Improvement Project in St. Kitts
Pig production forms an important part of the livelihood of many of our local farmers. However, challenges such as improper housing and poor management techniques have hindered the ability of our farmers to generate sustained livelihoods while also contributing to the degradation of the environment. According to the Department of Agriculture, local pig farmers only supply 16% of the 454,000kg of the local annual demand. This represent a massive opportunity for our farmers to improve their livelihoods and create a positive impact in some of the poorest communities in St. Kitts where the majority of these pig farmers reside.

Inadequate housing means that pigs are often left to roam until they are ready to be slaughtered. During this time, they cause significant crop damage and contaminate water supply, both of which are major threats to food security and the livelihoods of crop farmers. Roaming pigs also increases the chances of praedial larceny, uncontrolled breeding, transmission of diseases and poor nutrition especially for piglets and pregnant and nursing sows.

Based on research by the Association, it will take the sale of approximately 8 pigs raised to a market weight of 200Lbs. over a 6 month period to recoup the lifetime holding cost of 1 breeding sow. This means that pig farmers must invest heavily upfront and their livelihoods are highly dependent on their ability to prevent the loss of their piglets to disease and theft. Secured housing with concrete floors that can be kept clean as well as pens that can separate pigs during the different stages of their growing or breeding cycle are necessary to improve these small farm enterprises.

Lack of housing or inadequate housing also encourages improper sanitation and waste disposal which may further lead to contamination of the water supply used for consumption by the animals and crop irrigation. It also provides the ideal environment for the proliferation of pathogens, rodents, flies and other insects. Inappropriate feed storage at these sites, allows rodents and insects to access feed and further increase their population.
 
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Project Snapshot

Grantee:
St. Kitts Livestock Association- Porcine Committee
Country:
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Area Of Work:
CapDev
Climate Change Mitigation
Land Degradation
Grant Amount:
US$ 0.00
Co-Financing Cash:
US$ 7,262.00
Co-Financing in-Kind:
US$ 67,814.00
Project Number:
STK/SGP/OP5/Y4/CORE/CC/14/03
Status:
Project Terminated Before Completion
Project Characteristics and Results
Policy Impact
Improved information on swine breeding and nutrition that will be used to improve operational and financial templates and improve overall farm profitability
Emphasis on Sustainable Livelihoods
Pig production forms an important part of the livelihood of many of our local farmers. However, challenges such as improper housing and poor management techniques have hindered the ability of our farmers to generate sustained livelihoods while also contributing to the degradation of the environment. According to the Department of Agriculture, local pig farmers only supply 16% of the 454,000kg of the local annual demand. This represents a massive opportunity for our farmers to improve their livelihoods and create a positive impact in some of the poorest communities in St. Kitts where the majority of these pig farmers reside.
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Grantee Contact

Mr System Administrator
 

Address

P.O. Box 39, La Guerite, Basseterre, St. Kitts

SGP Country office contact

Ms. Ilis Watts
Email:

Address

Conaree Village, Conaree, St. Kitts (temporary)