“Sustainable Waste Management Practices at Petit Verger Prison”
“Sustainable Waste Management Practices at Petit Verger Prison”
Project Summary
The Mauritius Prison Service has committed itself through a 10 year strategic plan (2013 -2023) to reduce the high rate of reoffending in Mauritius.

We are targeting improved Rehabilitation and Resettlement of detainees and providing opportunities for detainees to make Reparation for the harm they have done through their offending.

“Pay Back Mauritius” is a scheme whereby detainees are engaged in meaningful and worthwhile projects that establish or help to maintain community assets and services and thereby act to enhance community life.
It is an opportunity given to detainees to make constructive use of their time in prison and engage in a project that will be of use to the community. Each detainee engaged in the scheme must volunteer their services and is advised of the community benefits that are to be achieved. Detainees would be assessed through an actuarial tool with respect to their selection and participation in specific projects in the community such as landscaping and uplifting of public beaches, collecting organic waste for composting, etc.
Most detainees highly value the opportunity to give their time and work to projects that directly benefit the community. Along the way, many get the opportunity to pick up technical skills that can help them when they are released.
The “Sustainable Waste Management Practices at Petit Verger Prison” project has been designed to provide opportunity to detainees who would be interested in environmental issues that will help them to get a job or start their own enterprise in agriculture and compost making upon release. The participation of the community in the vicinity of Petit Verger Prison in the project will motivate the community to adopt a better attitude towards detainees which will eventually help released detainees in their resettlement and reintegration in the community as honest citizens.
The local community in the vicinity of Petit Verger Prison, Pointe aux Sables, has been identified as close collaborators in the “Sustainable Waste Management Practices at Petit Verger Prison” project. The Community will be sensitized on “Maurice Ile Durable “(MID) concept and motivated to contribute in the sustainable development of Mauritius. Each volunteer family will be distributed with a green bin to keep their kitchen and garden wastes which will be weekly collected by detainees for composting at Petit Verger Prison.
Land filling of waste is considered as the last treatment option in the Integrated Solid Waste Management (ISWM) hierarchy. With the increasing amount of wastes going to the landfill there is an urgent need to create and establish a sustainable waste management strategy. It is true that the implementation of any waste management strategy falls under the responsibility of the Local Government. However, it is also believed that institutions and communities must participate to establishing proper waste management practices. Before the implementation of any waste management strategy, it is important to classify and characterize the wastes being generated. This is achieved by conducting a waste characterization study so as to obtain data on current trends of various solid waste streams, which form the basic requirement to develop the ISWM Plan. In this regard, data on different waste streams need to be analyzed for the current and projected scenarios so as to generate comprehensive information on the quantity and type of recyclable and recoverable materials. Also, a baseline for continued long-term measurement of system performance needs to be developed and information be generated on the different sub-streams of waste to design, implement and monitor effective and efficient system for collection, transportation, recycling, treatment, recovery and disposal of various streams of solid waste. The most recommended waste management strategies as stipulated by the ISWM hierarchy are: re-use, reduce, recycling and composting. Based on the study carried out by Mohee (2002) on the waste composition, yard wastes, kitchen wastes and paper form more than 70% (wet weight basis) of the total composition of municipal solid wastes (MSW) in Mauritius. Given that 70% of MSW composition is organic in nature, the most appropriate waste treatment technology for treating these types of wastes is composting.

The Mauritius Prison Service has enlisted the University of Mauritius and Kinouété, a Non-Governmental Organisation, in its project for their technical advice, expertise and support.

In order to implement sustainable waste management practices, a waste characterization study through a sensitization campaign will be carried so as to determine the amount and different types of wastes that are being generated at the prison and to determine the amount of green waste that the community of Pointe aux Sables is actually producing. This initiative will help in reducing the amount of wastes going to the landfill and will also show to the community as well as to the detainees that the wastes that are thrown away can be converted into a resource. This waste characterization study will also initiate the concept of source separation of waste. This project will lead to the creation of meaningful and income generating activities for detainees who are in the process of rehabilitation, on a long term basis and at the same time will include community involvement for waste separation and collection. The idea is also to change the perception that the community has on detainees and to facilitate the rehabilitation of detainees in their respective communities. The main objective of this project, that is promotion of waste reduction and reuse, falls well in line with the objectives set in the “Maurice Ile Durable” project.



















1.2 Organizational Background and Capacity to implement the Project
1.2.1 The University of Mauritius (UoM)
The University of Mauritius (UoM) has been engaged on various waste management projects in Mauritius and in Africa. The University of Mauritius has also designed and tested a rotary drum composter under the academic and technical expertise of Professor Romeela Mohee who has conducted research in the field the composting since 1998. Some examples are the Waste recovery at community level (2007); the Waste composting at farmer level (1997–2000). Also, a Domestic waste recycling program by four regional women associations was conducted in 2006-2007 in Mauritius. Regarding dissemination of knowledge, a 92-page manual entitled Trainer’s Package on Composting was developed in 2007, to raise awareness amongst young Rodriguans on the benefits of composting and to encourage farmers to compost organic waste by the same group of researchers.
Beyond Mauritius and Rodrigues, there has been development of composting technology in other African countries including Kenya, Zimbabwe and South Africa. In May 2002, the Regional Compost Network was initiated to connect researchers in the field of composting in southern Africa, with participants mainly from Mauritius, Kenya, Botswana, South Africa and Reunion. The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) funded the project, which was implemented by the University of Mauritius, under the aegis of the United Nation Office for Project Services (UNOPS). A Certificate in Solid Waste Management was also conducted in Seychelles, Comoros Islands, Bostwana, Reunion Island and Mauritius. There has also been an exchange program for MPhil/PhD research on waste management between Reunion Island and Madagascar. Furthermore, the University of Mauritius was entrusted the responsibility of organising an International Conference on Solid Wastes in Mauritius in September 2011. Currently, the University of Mauritius is one of the partners of an EU-funded project under Re-Sources Project with other ACP countries (ENPRO (Togo), ERA (Cameroun), Planete Contact, University of Quisqueya, 2IE (Burkina Faso)) for the dissemination and the exchange of knowledge and expertise on (1) waste characterization, (2) composting, (3) biogas production, (4) Combustible, (5) Education and Sensitization, and (6) carbon credit.


1.2.2 Association Kinouété
Association KINOUETE is a registered Non-Governmental Organization working since 2001 towards the rehabilitation and reintegration of detainees and ex-detainees in Mauritius.
Our actions start inside prison where we offer Life Skills Groups, Pre-release Groups and individual counseling services. Having prepared the detainee to reintegrate society after release, we then offer support and guidance through a team of professional Reintegration Social Workers, Coordinators and Counselors who facilitate this process.
We strongly believe that the rehabilitation and reintegration services we offer both inside and outside prison contribute to reduce recidivism amongst our beneficiaries and help marginalized people return to the mainstream. Our work also aims to reduce the amount of people affected by extreme poverty, through a process of empowerment and increased autonomy.
Our Drop-In Centre is open every weekday in Floréal, where Reintegration Services and Counseling Services are offered to ex-detainees. Every month we have a group Encounter session where men and women ex-detainees meet and share about the joys, challenges and difficulties met during their reintegration.
In addition we are now offering temporary residential facilities to up to 6 women after prison. This will give them an opportunity to adopt a new non deviant lifestyle enabling them to settle back into society and increase their chances of successful reintegration and reduce the risk of recidivism.
Statistics for Year 2013
Number of men detainees who have participated in rehabilitation training 30
Number of women detainees who have participated in rehabilitation training 27
Number of men detainees who have received personal counselling during rehabilitation 65
Number of women detainees who have received personal counselling during rehabilitation 44
Number of ex-detainees who have received personal assistance during reintegration 97
Number of ex-detainees who have been trained within group session for reintegration 33




















1.3 Project Objectives and Expected Results
The objectives of this project are:

• To develop a sensitization campaign on wastes segregation at the prison and at the community level for domestic and green wastes.

• To carry out a waste characterization study at the prison so as to identify potential waste treatment options in view of decreasing the amount of wastes going to the landfill.

• To create meaningful activities for detainees in view of their rehabilitation and resettlement.

• To train detainees and officers on the making of compost on a large-scale basis, for example, in windrow and to outline the various design requirements for a large-scale composting facility.

• To generate income through sale of compost.

• Uses of compost produced to the prison garden.

 
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Project Snapshot

Grantee:
Association Kinouété
Country:
Mauritius
Area Of Work:
Climate Change Mitigation
Grant Amount:
US$ 50,000.00
Co-Financing Cash:
Co-Financing in-Kind:
US$ 107,733.00
Project Number:
MAR/SGP/OP5/YR3/CORE/CC/14/06
Status:
Satisfactorily Completed
Project Characteristics and Results
Notable Community Participation
Community stakeholders will be the most diverse representation as possible, including vulnerable groups. Regular meetings with the community stakeholders will be held so as to help Petit Verger Prison to integrate composting and the use of compost. The series of meetings would enable us to gather information about the barriers, challenges and opportunities for improving the composting site and to develop appropriate recommendations. • Sensitization at prison level – creation of a core team who will lead the project • Distribution of pamphlets during sensitization campaign • Forces Vives close collaboration with core team • Distribution of bins / plastics bags for waste characterization study on green waste • Information, Education and Communication Campaign
Gender Focus
Gender is generally associated with equal power and access to choices and resources. It has become increasingly accepted that men and women should play an important role in sustainable waste management and that this role could be enhanced through the strategy of gender mainstreaming. Gender and diversity mainstreaming is the concept of valuing the different implications for women, men and vulnerable social groups of this project intended outcomes. It is also about integrating the diverse needs of these groups into the planning and implementation of the project to better reflect the whole communities’ development aspirations as well as to increase the sustainability of the project. An important advantage accounting for the sustained interest in composting activities is that composting integrates well with women's triple roles: household and family care, income generation, and community management. These activities will help women and men detainees to acquire the necessary knowledge and techniques in compost making and uses. This will definitely be a stepping stone in their rehabilitation process as well as helping them become financially independent. The involvement of women and men is also crucial to the success of community-based Sustainable Waste Management practices project. In terms of women's roles as community managers, the NGO, in initiating the composting project, will target pre-existing women's groups in the community. Composting will also provide a forum for women to exchange information and ideas. Community based waste management can improve social capital of women, men and vulnerable groups by giving them leadership and networking opportunities and building solidarity among them. Vulnerable groups in this project refers to groups that experience a high risk of poverty and social exclusion. Normally, they do not enjoy meaningful participation in development activities and do not receive the benefit of development interventions. These groups include youth, elderly, disabled, poor, migrants and minority (religious, cultural, ethnic) members of a community.
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Indicators
Empowerment
Number of women participated / involved in SGP project 250
Livehood
Number of individuals (gender diaggregated) who have benefited* from SGP project 25

Partnership

Mauritius Prison Service

Grantee Contact

Mr Michel Vielliesse
Phone: 4280685
Fax: 697 1248
Email: assokinouete@intnet.mu
 

Address

Avenue La seringue, Palma
Quatre-Bornes , Plaines Wilhems , 230

SGP Country office contact

Mrs. Pamela Bapoo-Dundoo
Phone:
(230) 213 53 84
Fax:
(230) 212 14 11
Email:

Address

2nd Floor, Sugar Industry Pension Fund Building, 1 Remy Ollier Street
Port Louis, Mauritius

Country Website