Assessment Sea Scape Management in Nusa Tenggara Timur
Assessment Sea Scape Management in Nusa Tenggara Timur
Semau is an island in the region of Lesser Sunda Islands, near Kupang city. It is located some twenty miles off the harbour of Kupang, the capital city of Nusa Tenggara Timur province. Semau is also known as Pusmau and Bungtilu for local people. The island is part of Kabupaten Kupang, along with other 27 islands. In the north side of the island lies Sawu Sea and Pukuafu Strait and India Ocean in south side. Semau Island has 8 villages, which is divided into two sub-dictricts (‘kecamatan’ level): Kecamatan Semau and Kecamatan Semau Selatan.
The island experience longer dry season annually. Average intensity of rainfall within five years is 1819 mm – 2009 mm with number of rain days 100 – 133 per year. Evaporation level is high, which influence the availability of ground water. Evaporation of Semau is in between 4,06 – 5,80 mm per day. Limited fresh water, semi-arid land, hot temperature and landscape fulfilled with grey leaves during dry season are the portrait of Semau.
Though, Semau has rich various physical and biological resources. Beautiful sandy beach, atolls, soap water spring, coral reef, sea-grass, and mangroves, birds and deer are found in the island. Small volcano releases gasses for many years until community aware of it in recent years. The famous Alfred R. Wallace spent 4 nights in the island during his search for birds while he visited Kupang back in 1859. He fascinated with soapy spring near the volcano.
Fish, squid, sea cucumber and seaweed source of income for the community. Cash crops are main agricultural activity of the island. The island is famous for its water melons, onions, and beans, which are mainly traded to Kupang. Husbandary also gominant in the island. Cow, goat, pig and chicken are traded to Kupang. Fire woods and charcoals, for the cooking needs of people in Kupang,several years ago are still dominant commodity of the island. The inhabitants of Samau are the Helong people, who some believe are the original inhabitants of the Kupang area. However, the pressure from the most dominant inhabitants of West Timor -- the Atoni -- and the Dutch supported migration of people from the nearby island of Roti in the past to Kupang had forced most of the Helong to move to Semau islands. They are squeezed out from their original land in Kupang to a small island.
Eventhough the island is near to the capital city Kupang, several literatures indicate concluded development on the island is far behind than other area in the Timor mainland. Three kilometer connectng road from villages to villages in the island is the only recent significant development. Other part of the island rely on soil surface road created by pedestrian.
Mistic island, is the nickname that outsider gives to the island. Dark and negative images makes many government officer refuse to be assigned to the island, so do tourists and college student. Such image influence development to the island. Respond to land slide and gas eruption from volcano in the island
during September 2010 is seen to be an example. Local government responded slowly while community have been exposed by the two hazard. . Even though, low support from local government, community work on their best. Income of the island relatively high compare to some income of other hinterland areas of Kupang.
Bio-physic data that will be presented are data on coral reef, mangrove, sea-grass, coastal sand, and land elevation and exploitation by community and others. Level of exploitation are indicated through number of people exploiting the resources, and frequency and volume of exploitation. Information on bio-physic mainly will be collected through secondary data from very recent studies. If secondary data are not available, the team will collect the mentioned data through observation and simple measurement using square and line transect. A more detail data on coral reef, in live form coverage, will be collected in second field survey when project intervention is predicted will bring direct impact to coral reef condition. Methods in collecting bio-physic data are presented in table below.

Table 2. Bio-physic component and methods for data collection

Coastal Bio-physic component Method Data form
Coral Reefs Observation and square transect/interview Coverage and qualitative condition
Mangrove Observation and square transect Coverage
Sea Grass Observation and square transect Coverage
Erosion level Observation, line transect and interview Erosion area/length
Land elevation Observation Average elevation of coastal area and upland

Contributing to conduct the seascape baseline assessment for the COMDEKS Project supported by the GEF-SGP Indonesia

Objective : The objective of the assignment is to assist SGP National Coordinators and National Steering Committees a) to conduct a seascape-wide baseline based on a developed set of indicators for resilience in socio-ecological production seascapes; b) to develop the COMDEKS Country Programme Seascape Strategy following the template and guidelines provided for this purpose; and c) to synthesize lessons learned from the consultation process and baseline assessments.
Activities : 1. Conducting a Seascape Baseline Assessment for the COMDEKS project in a selected island of NTT
Tabel 1. Detail activity within baseline assessment
Activity Detailed information
1. Preparation To present proposal to GEF, to finalize contract administration, to prepare filed visit and village contacts.
2. Desk Study to collect available information on socio-ecological aspects of proposed site(s), & to understand background of Seascape and existing relevant indicators of landscape.
3.Field Survey To conduct informal and semi-structured interview with individual and small group, and observation.
4.Consultation Workshop to discuss with representative of community members on issues and proposed priority activity to respond the main problem.
5.Data Writing and Analysis

Information will be analyzed base on socio-ecological aspect that support and /or challenge resilience of the community, typology of potential community-based projects and criteria for project selection. Analysis include also on lessons learnt in carrying out baseline assessments and community consultations.
6.Finalization and Presentation of the Report To conduct consultation on draft of report with GEF-SGP Office, including on Monitoring-Evaluation Plan and on Knowledge Management Plan.
Research questions that guides this baseline assessment will be:
1. “What are socio-ecological aspects that support and challenge community resilience at the proposed site (s) during difficult climatic situation?”
2. “What are proposed projects that able to increase resilience of the community at the propose sites(s)?
2. Organizing local consultation workshop with community and stakeholder in Kupang and national workshop with SGP-NSC and relevant government ministry in Jakarta.
Consultation will be attended by key representatives’ of community. Stakeholder communities involved in the baseline assessment exercise will be selected in the following process:
First, team will previously identify social group that might be available within the community, such as on livelihood, social structure, gender and geographical area. Data on percentage of this categorization will be collected through interview and accessing Village Data (“Desa Dalam Angka”). Percentage of group participated in the workshop will represent percentage in community. Quota per group is decided base on this percentage information.
Second is selecting individual of each the available group following number of quota per group.
Selection individual will be conducted through:
a. Establishing list of all individual in each group (scenario 1 if establishing list is possible), or
b. Asking several numbers of candidate in each group from head of village or group leader (scenario 2 if establishing list is possible)
Third step, after list of candidates is established, individuals are selected randomly or with consultation with head of village.
3. Developing COMDEKS Country Programme Strategy based on survey, local consultations and national workshop.
The objective of the workshop is to collect inputs, ideas and expert opinions on baseline survey result as part of Country Programme Seascape development process in order to enrich COMDEKS Country Programme Development Strategy. Participants of the workshop will be selected based on their expertise, governance roles and experiences. They will be provided by baseline survey beforehand
Loading map...

Project Snapshot

Perkumpulan Bingkai Indonesia
Area Of Work:
International Waters
Grant Amount:
US$ 25,000.00
Co-Financing Cash:
Co-Financing in-Kind:
US$ 25,257.00
Project Number:
Satisfactorily Completed

Grantee Contact

Mr System Administrator


Jl. Ireda - Prawirodirjan GM II/498, RT 46/RW 14
Yogyakarta , Yogyakarta ,

SGP Country office contact

Ms. Catharina Dwihastarini
(62-21) 720-6125/722-0905
(62-21) 722-0905
Mr. Hery Budiarto
(62-21) 720-6125/722-0905
(62-21) 722-0905
Ms. Meinar Sapto Wulan
(62-21) 720-6125/722-0905
(62-21) 722-0905


JL. Bacang II No.8, Kramat Pela Kebayoran Baru
Jakarta Selatan, 12130

Country Website