ALTERNATIVE ENERGY SOURCE TO REDUCE FIREWOOD USAGE IN NEW BUSSA COMMUNITY, NIGER STATE
ALTERNATIVE ENERGY SOURCE TO REDUCE FIREWOOD USAGE IN NEW BUSSA COMMUNITY, NIGER STATE
Borgu New Bussa community is a grass root community with a population of 10,000 people who are mainly farmers and fishermen. The community members, especially the women make huge revenue from cutting down trees to cook and sell. This has led to deforestation, land degradation and a threat to other habitat. The community also suffers from water shortage and only has access to drinking water from River Niger which poses a threat to the health of the community: the people drink water directly from the river without knowing the health implication of contacting diseases from untreated water sources thereby risking cholera and other pathogenical deseases associated with such practices. Project activities involve organizing environmental education and training of men and women, especially youths in the community (numbering fifty at the first instance) on alternative wood stove; training of women on solar cookers production; this activity will continue even after the project tenure elapses. This will lead to job creation and income generation for the people on a sustainable basis in the community, thereby reducing the pressure on wood usage which will eventually lead to the preservation of the trees that will be planted. Reforestation activities through local planting of trees of approximately 5,000 trees by the community will be carried out. These are drought resistant species of:Detarium microcarpum,Vitellaria paradoxa, Manila and fruit plants such as Cashew, Orange and guava etc.will be planted by the community to replace the already cut-down trees while the community members are educated and encouraged to imbibe the culture of tree planting and desist from free cutting practices.

1. Key Outputs, Outcomes and Innovations
The key output of my project was to provide the alternative energy to the uses of firewood for cooking food. This was critical to the success of the project. Before this time the only known method was the uses of fuelwood that was detrimental to man and the environment.
The key innovation that make my project stand out is the production of sun stoves and this was successful to the environmental issue in that it prevents deforestation and land degradation in the land, it brings people together to learn new innovations and technology and economically saves the cost of buying fossil fuel derivatives by conserving the meager resources of the beneficiaries.
Through awareness creation and sensitization of the stake holders, I was able to mobilize the people for full participation in the project optimally. The production, demonstration and practically of the uses of solar cookers were the key principal positive aspects of the project.
The principal deficiency of the project was due to delay in releasing counterpart funding from GEF-SGP.
The products generated by the project are: (1) Box cookers (2) Solar Panel cookit (3) Knowledge impartation / sharing etc. Solar box cookers are cooking methods that uses clean energy ie. Renewable energy that is the sun to function and is environmentally friendly and does not cause any harm to the user or environment. On how it is used, place it in the sun with the cooking pot inserted in with food ingredients and the cooking commences simultaneously. Faster on a brighter day and slow on a windy cloudy days. Good especially during the dry season of the year. For now it is used during the day with the research on the uses at night ongoing. Both functions also for the solar panel cookit. Though the latter is cheaper and easier to replicate. Both literate and illiterate persons can make and use solar panel cookit and fifteen box cookers with insulation capability to retain heat inside). With careful handling each can last ten to five years on regular uses respectively. Photographs are attached of this product for your viewing.
The only product that was not available was the parabolic SK 14 cookers by AFRCE-NGO, Nigeria. This has cost implication and time consuming during production and also involves the use of electricity to weld parts and materials are more expensive than the box and panel cookers. The direct beneficiaries were women and children and their environment saved from pollution and stress. Fifty women were trained on capacity building and skill acquisition on how to make and use solar cookers by AFRCE. NGO. The immediate benefit is that is saves the cost of buying wood & kerosene. The community is transformed by eighty percent reduction in fuel wood usage.

Environmental Impact
Before the project inception to the locality the major problem confronting the state was the lack of the alternative to the use of firewood, environmental protection again erosion deforestation etc was like a night more. Since the beginning of the project in April, 2014 till date a lot has being achieved through the protection of the environment in so much that the news is reaching the state government on the provision of alternative to firewood attracting the attention of the ministry of environment in Niger State. About fifty solar cookers are owned and used by the beneficiaries in the community. The secondary benefit is allowing the girl child to attend school to further their education through the savings from fuel wood by their parents. Yes, the species, habitat and ecosystems have been protected during and after this project. Animals and trees can now breed freely as deforestation has ceased within the period and the ecosystem can now co-exists as each relate to make life meaningful. Trees are responsible for the provision of oxygen used by man and must exist for that purpose. Man also provides carbon dioxide in place needed by trees. The project has brought succor in this regard. Our group measures the environmental impacts by this fact: one solar cooker can save one ton of wood per year. The more the number of cookers produced the more trees would be saved thereby impacting positively on the environment.
The impact of the project in the GEF focal area is land Degradation and climate charge is brought to focus thereby arresting the trend of which GEF focal area is out to control its menace. Fifty hectares of land and forest has been restored and protected during this project. The effect of fire smoke and heat caused climate change in the environment but with the project execution, this year alone there was rainfall attributed to the uses of solar cookers that does not emit carbon. Fifty hectares of land were adequately protected and influenced through this project. The planting of mango, oranges and other economical trees supported by GEF SGP is a pointer to it sustainability in terms. Over twenty thousand animal species like the antelopes that breeds in group have staged a rally in appreciation of the project, and this will be sustained.
Socio-economic impacts
In the local income, it is expected that the beneficiaries of solar cookers will produce and sell the cookers to generate income for their household. It will also create job for youth on a sustainable basis leading to self employment. Also revenue will accrue to the family ushering in livelihood diversification/income diversification and would have market access on long term.
Yes there have been secondary benefits especially poverty reduction through the saving from the cost of buying fuel wood, awareness created through human publicity as they come in contact etc. Yes the revenue from the project for those that benefited has been reinvested into school fees, hospitals, local infrastructure etc.

Policy Impacts
It is our hope that the policy change embarked upon by some state governments by directing that trees should be allowed to remain without been cut down should now borrow ideas from SGP by sponsoring the production of solar cookers on a larger quantity or training more communities on the production of same. We solicit for the change in the policy of government in support of same. We are working towards influencing more government policy on this and would solicit for the support of SGP in this regard.
Gender
Men and women participation as project proponents, beneficiaries and participants were vital because they are the major users of cooking utensils globally and they are capable of spreading awareness faster than any other proponents. Their involvement will move the project faster than anticipated. Over one hundred women were involved in the project and same number or more are daily embracing the art. SGP assist grantees to acquire gender training through project funding only.

Indigenous Peoples
Yes. Their participation as IP in the area of beneficiaries was very vital as it has lasting impact on their indigenous community especially for project sustainability. This in the long run will yield positive impact and will be successful. The estimated number of IP that benefited from the project is over ten thousand people. No video was used but instead I was able to communicate in their native dialect to the admiration of all. This especially arouse their interest and participation for the project to succeed. This method is highly recommended and is achievable especially to us on the long run.
Marginalised Groups
My project paid special attention to all the groups in the community. The chiefs, women organizations, youths leaders and other community based organizations during the project inception and after for sustainability.
 
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Project Snapshot

Grantee:
Association for Reduction of Carbon Emission
Country:
Nigeria
Area Of Work:
Land Degradation
Grant Amount:
US$ 25,000.00
Co-Financing Cash:
Co-Financing in-Kind:
US$ 15,000.00
Project Number:
NGA/SGP/OP5/Y3/STAR/LD/13/01
Status:
Satisfactorily Completed

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Grantee Contact

Mr Emmanual Bebiem
Email: carbonemmission@yahoo.com
 

Address

Block M. Flat 2 NIFFR Housing Estate
New Bussa-Niger state , North Central ,

SGP Country office contact

Mrs Ibironke Olubamise
Phone:
+2347082648989
Email:
Ms Rose Agbo
Phone:
+2347082648989
Email:

Address

C/O UN House, 617/618 Diplomatic Zone, Central Business District, FCT
Abuja, West Africa, 90001