Initiation of ecologically responsible income earning activities in Le Morne village
Initiation of ecologically responsible income earning activities in Le Morne village
Le Morne is a Coastal village which has been put in the international limelight by being recognized by UNESCO as harbouring a world heritage site in year 2008. Le Morne consist of the following localities (Dilo Pourri, Cité EDC L’Embrazure, Le Morne Village, Morcellement Gambier) and has some 1,495 inhabitants (as at July 2011, CSO) who are highly dependent on traditional fishing for their income. Employment opportunities within the village are very limited and families need to move to nearby villages for jobs. There is also a lack of village level facilities for child care services, making it difficult for women to take up jobs. There is a high proportion of households living below the poverty line of Rs 5,000 per family per month, with creeping teenage pregnancies and drug consumption (LEDP, Dec 2012). In 2006/2007 the CSO identified the Le Morne Village Council Area as one of the regions of Mauritius having the highest poverty rate. Increasing population and the lack of income earning opportunities is also likely to put more pressure on the marine and land based resources leading to unsustainable patterns of resource utilization (depletion of fish from the lagoon and dependence on forest resources).

In February 2010, a Local Economic Development (LED) Plan was developed under a UNDP GEF project on ACSLME for Le Morne Cultural Landscape (

“The LED Plan is a vehicle to guide both local and national government when designing projects around Le Morne Cultural Landscape. It can also inform donor funding and private sector involvement and most importantly, the purpose of local economic development (LED) is to build up the economic capacity of a local area in such a way that its economic future can be improved, with a positive impact on the quality of life for all inhabitants. It is a process by which public, business and non-governmental sector partners work collectively to create better conditions for economic growth and employment generation. It promotes the creation of sustainable business opportunities and employment. The LED Plan crystallizes the ground level agenda and, at a country level has the potential to become a remarkable example of a ‘top down, bottom up’ approach to local economic development”.

Local Economic Development Plan, Le Morne, 2011

This plan emphasized the importance of the inhabitants of the village in the maintenance and development of the World Heritage Site. Intensely aware of environment problems, both on land and in the lagoon, inhabitants of Le Morne indicated their eagerness to collaborate with Government and other partners in making their village a better place to live. Indeed the Vision for Le Morne, developed during a series of public meetings with community-based associations is as follows:

“We envision Le Morne to be a safe place to live, where there are adequate facilities and infrastructure. Our natural resources, both on land and in the sea, and our cultural environment should be respected, kept clean and developed in a wise manner so the local population can benefit, and tourists will be attracted to our village. Our human resource should be developed through capacity building opportunities and access to equal education, leading to flourishing business opportunities. Development in Le Morne should always be mindful of our heritage values and way of life that makes our village so special”. However despite nomination of Le Morne as a world Heritage site, the inhabitants complain that no development has been initiated to take advantage of this nomination.

Local Economic Development Plan, Le Morne, 2011

This project is in line with the above vision. It also recognizes that child care facilities, i.e. a crèche, women in the village won’t be able to take up jobs and earn a living. The objective of the project is to pilot the development of alternative and sustainable income generating activities, leveraging on the UNESCO World Heritage Site, and on the natural beauty and uniqueness of the region. The ultimate objective of the project is to help preserve the natural beauty (marine and terrestrial) and the environment of Le Morne as a World Heritage Site by:
• Removing pressure on the lagoon and inculcating eco-friendly habits among the inhabitants
• Initiating eco-friendly business projects and building the capacity of inhabitants to make the eco-friendly projects financially viable so as to enable inhabitants to earn their living from same

The project will include:
• Setting up of a certified organic agriculture on a plot of approx. 3 Arpents, which will prevent agro-chemical runoffs that damages the coastal area and the reefs
• The setting up of a plant nursery for the propagation of endemic plants, rare local fruits, organic cultures, medicinal and aromatic herbs etc
• An eco-guide component integrating the above as well as nature tracks and village level activities (small businesses)
• Setting up of composting activity for use in the organic agriculture activity
• An applied research component on climate change and composting conducted by Dr R. Mohee
• Marketing and sale of organic vegetables and eco-touristic activities.

This project will address 7 of the twenty-four major issues identified through stakeholder consultations during the preparation of the Local Economic Development plan, which are: Sewerage system, public health, child care facilities, training and capacity building, education, the need for a multi-purpose centre, sports facilities, ecotourism development, creating and enabling environment for businesses, food security, safety, environmental custodianship, arts and culture, land accessibility and ownership, marine resources and lagoon management, and quality of life.

1.2 Organizational Background and Capacity to implement the project
Association Nou tou Ensam was been registered in 2009. The association consist of 25 members of which 5 men and 20 women. The majority of the members are unemployed and they are all inhabitants of Le Morne village. The Association obtained its accreditation with the National CSR Committee in June 2012 (ref: N/1569).
1.3 Project Objectives and Expected Results
Objectives Expected results
Inculcate eco-friendly habits among the inhabitants Sensitise the inhabitants on the impact of their normal consumption patterns and activities on their natural habitat
Initiate eco-friendly business projects Promote sustainable self-sufficiency through small businesses (organic agriculture , eco-guide, endemic and medicinal plants production, plant nursery)
Building capacity of inhabitants Enhancing capacity of inhabitants to sustainably manage their economic activities including a component on sharing the income generated through the project.
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Project Snapshot

Association Nou Tou Ensamb
Area Of Work:
Climate Change Mitigation
Grant Amount:
US$ 1,000.00
Co-Financing Cash:
US$ 25,962.91
Co-Financing in-Kind:
US$ 2,853.07
Project Number:
Satisfactorily Completed
Project Characteristics and Results
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Grantee Contact

Mrs Veronique Prudence
Phone: 731 67 82


Hans Denis, Lolbheeharry Lane, Le Morne village

SGP Country office contact

Mrs. Pamela Bapoo-Dundoo
(230) 213 53 84
(230) 212 14 11


2nd Floor, Sugar Industry Pension Fund Building, 1 Remy Ollier Street
Port Louis, Mauritius

Country Website