Restoration of Anse Quitor Nature Reserve (Rodrigues)
Restoration of Anse Quitor Nature Reserve (Rodrigues)
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1.1 Brief Summary
The Mauritian Wildlife Foundation is dedicated to the conservation of the native wildlife of Mauritius and Rodrigues, and their habitats. In Rodrigues, it has a specialisation in habitat restoration and has a long-term involvement in the restoration of both Grande Montagne and Anse Quitor Nature Reserves. The objectives of MWF closely mirror those of the GEF SGP Country Programme Strategy, as we are dedicated to training, developing local capacity and establishing long-term self-sustaining projects.

The original fauna and flora of Rodrigues is unique to the world; however, it has suffered from the onslaught of four centuries of degradation which has demised much of Rodrigues’ rich biodiversity. Surviving plants are reduced to a single individual or a handful of individuals or small isolated populations. To address species decline and forest fragmentation, the MWF has focused much of its expertise on habitat restoration. The two mainland nature reserves of Anse Quitor and Grande Montagne contain some of these last relics of forest on Rodrigues, albeit degraded, and have been undergoing restoration since the mid-1980s.

Anse Quitor is an interesting area with caves in which many bones of the extinct Solitaire and tortoise have been found, and plants grown in crater-like holes where little soil has gathered. Furthermore, Anse Quitor Nature Reserve holds the only known endemic trees of Zanthoxylum paniculatum and the rare Foetidia rodriguesiana, Terminalia benzoe, Antirhea bifurcata, and Gastonia rodriguesiana grow along the river banks in this nature reserve. Less than half of the 35ha fenced Anse Quitor Nature reserve has been restored to date. MWF wishes to continue the work started over 20 years ago so that a higher proportion of the reserve is restored through the GEF Small Grants Programme, if approved. The project will also aim to have an important social component. MWF will recruit a team of local villagers for the restoration of Anse Quitor Nature Reserve, and to demonstrate that conservation is a job provider. Conservation can also be a means of alleviating poverty, providing alternative employment, and empowering local communities. Through the project, MWF hopes to develop a dedicated team of local villagers for the continuous restoration and maintenance of the Anse Quitor Nature reserve by the end of the GEF SGP programme. During the two years of this proposed project, the MWF aims to restore 4 ha within the Anse Quitor Nature Reserve. Building upon our previous experience and upon our core competences, the MWF intends to implement the following principal activities during this restoration work:
• Recruit and train a team of 6 labourers in restoration techniques
• Propagation of native and endemic seedling in the Solitude Nursery from propagation material collected in the field
• Restoration of the 4 ha involving the removal of invasive alien species and the planting of endemic seedlings
• Organise educational talks, tours, and restoration work days to involve the local community
• Develop an informational brochure for Anse Quitor Nature Reserve

Along with conserving Rodrigues endangered biodiversity, through plant restoration, this project will contribute to combating climate change. Each seedling planted will help to reduce the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, which will help to slow the rate of global warming.
The total cost of this two year project will amount to MUR 4,774,970

1.2 Background on Mauritian Wildlife Foundation
The Mauritian Wildlife Foundation (MWF) is a Registered Charity (No. 2134) and was established in 1984. MWF works in close cooperation with the Government of Mauritius and the Rodrigues Regional Assembly, formalised in two memorandums of understanding. The headquarters is located in Vacoas, Mauritius and the Rodrigues branch is based in Solitude. MWF is the only Mauritian NGO to be exclusively concerned with the conservation of terrestrial endemic species and their habitats, and in Rodrigues has a specialisation in habitat restoration. The principal objective of the organisation is to save threatened native and endemic species from extinction.

1.3 Project objectives:
The objectives of this restoration project in Anse Quitor Nature Reserve are to:
• Increase the extent of restored forest on Rodrigues.
• Protect the biodiversity and rare plant species of the Anse Quitor region
• Combat climate change through the planting of seedlings
• Demonstrate that through job creation conservation activities can sustain livelihoods with adjacent communities
• Alleviate poverty and provide alternative employment through recruitment of local labourers
• Organise Restoration Work Days with the community to increase the awareness of Rodrigues endemic flora and the Anse Quitor Nature Reserve
• Organise educational talks and tours with local stakeholders (village, youth, school, and business groups)
• Develop an informational brochure for the Anse Quitor Nature Reserve



1.4 Project rationale, including relationship to the GEF-SGP Country Programme Strategy:
One of the GEF program objectives is conservation through protection of secondary forest ecosystems, by establishing and strengthening systems of conservation areas, focusing primarily on tropical & temperate ecosystems in areas at risk. This aligns directly with this project’s objectives, which are detailed in Section 3.2, as restoration of the Anse Quitor degraded habitat will conserve this forest and strengthen the biodiversity in an at-risk area. Anse Quitor region is an area of high endemism with the only remaining wild species of Zanthoxylum paniculatum (critically endangered) and the last female Dombeya rodriguesiana was found in this area.

Figure 1. Only known existing Zanthoxylum paniculatum, which is found in Anse Quitor Nature Reserve

MWF is currently restoring a small section of the Anse Quitor Nature Reserve with sponsorship by Air Mauritius under the “One take-off, one tree” initiative to combat carbon dioxide emissions. This project, if accepted, will reinforce and build-up this restoration work at Anse Quitor.

Furthermore, this project will strengthen other restoration efforts in the Anse Quitor region being carried out by the Rodrigues Forestry Service and Francois Leguat Ltd. The Rodrigues Forestry Service currently works to restore certain areas of the Anse Quitor Nature Reserve; however, as less than half of the 35 ha reserve is restored, there is ample restoration work to be done. Furthermore, the Anse Quitor Nature Reserve borders with a restoration project on private land by Francois Leguat Ltd. Through the Mauritian Wildlife Foundation working in collaboration with the Forestry Services and joining with the work by Francois Leguat Ltd, the restoration efforts will be strengthened leading towards the aim to completely restore the Anse Quitor region.

Lastly, through involving the local community, this project will help to bring pride and a greater sense of value to the local villages.

1.5 Expected Results:
In developing this proposal, MWF has set out a series of short term achievable goals that will help to improve the wildlife of Anse Quitor Nature Reserve. By the end of the project, MWF will have:
• Recruited and trained six labourers from the local community in identification of endemic plants and restoration techniques.
• Been allocated a 4 ha plot to restore during the two year duration of this project
• Decrease the population of invasive alien species through their removal in the selected 4 ha plot
• Collected propagation material from the field to ensure a strong biodiversity in the restoration plot
• Propagated native and endemic species in the Nursery at Solitude for the restoration work
• Restored 4 ha in the Anse Quitor Nature Reserve including the planting of endemic seedlings
• Monitored the survival and growth rates of the seedlings planted
• Organised educational visits to Anse Quitor Nature Reserve for the local community (schools, businesses, community groups)
• Organised Restoration Work Days at Anse Quitor or the Nursery involving the local community (schools, businesses, community groups)
• Develop education and awareness material and information for the Anse Quitor Nature Reserve and the project. This can take form in brochure, booklet, web pages, articles in press, stickers, posters etc. The choice of this will be done during the project when stakeholders have been consulted.

1.6 Total Cost of Project:
1.6.1 Amount requested from GEF-SGP: MWF requests $50,000 (MUR 1,505,000)
1.6.2 How the funds are to be used: These funds are to be used for personnel capacity building/restoration work, equipment, workshops, and office supplies (see further details in the budget)
1.6.3 Amount, nature, and status of community contributions: $2000 (MUR 60,000) is the amount of community contribution through their labour in helping with restoration work (weeding, planting) and with plant propagation in the nursery.
1.6.4 Status and source of additional funding: MWF has the following additional funding (see further details in the budget):
• Community Volunteers (MUR 60,000 in-kind)
• Air Mauritius (MUR 68,000 in-kind) – committed
• Philadelphia Zoo (MUR 391,200 cash & MUR 48,000 in-kind) – committed
• Conservation International (MUR 600,000) – application in process
• MWF (MUR 1,910,770 cash) – to be raised (committed)
• MWF (MUR 192,000 in-kind) - committed
 
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Project Snapshot

Grantee:
Mauritian Wildlife Foundation (Rodrigues Branch)
Country:
Mauritius
Area Of Work:
Biodiversity
Climate Change Mitigation
Grant Amount:
US$ 50,000.00
Co-Financing Cash:
US$ 35,585.00
Co-Financing in-Kind:
US$ 1,896.00
Project Number:
MAR/SGP/OP4/RAF/Yr3/09/01
Status:
Satisfactorily Completed
Project Characteristics and Results
Gender Focus
6 women labourers to be involved
Emphasis on Sustainable Livelihoods
Employment for 6 women labourers thus increasing their income in sustainable conservation of endemic biodiversity
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Indicators
Biophysical
Number of globally significant species protected by project 32
Biophysical
Hectares of globally significant biodiversity area protected or sustainably managed by project 4
Empowerment
Number of women participated / involved in SGP project 6
Livehood
Number of individuals (gender diaggregated) who have benefited* from SGP project 6

Grantee Contact

Mrs Andrea Waterstone
 

Address

Solitude
Rodrigues ,

SGP Country office contact

Mrs. Pamela Bapoo-Dundoo
Phone:
(230) 213 53 84
Fax:
(230) 212 14 11
Email:

Address

2nd Floor, Sugar Industry Pension Fund Building, 1 Remy Ollier Street
Port Louis, Mauritius

Country Website