Improving Built Environment in Coastal Belt of Badin
Improving Built Environment in Coastal Belt of Badin
2. Justification for Support - Linkages with GEF Themes and
Operational Programmes (not more than 300 words)

District Badin is situated at the tail of province it lies between 24o -13’ to 25o -12’ north latitudes and 68o -21’ to 69o -20’ east longitudes. It consists of five talukas. It is bounded on the north by Tando Mohammad Khan district, on the east by Mirpur Khas and Tharparkar districts, on the south by Rann of Kutch that forms international boundary with India, and on the west by Hyderabad and Thatta districts.

The population of Badin has grown about four and half times in the past 47 years during which time five national censuses have been undertaken. It had a population of 256.04 thousand at the time of first census undertaken in 1951. The population of the district grew at an average annual growth rate of 3.22 during the past 47 years and was recorded 1.136044 millions in most recent Census of 1998

Agriculture is the main occupation of the people of Badin district. The women folk in the rural areas help the male members in the fields. As the lands of this district are low lying, therefore numbers of Dhands (Lakes) exist and as such a good number of population of Mallah community is engaged in the fishing occupation. The district is very rich in natural resources, in spite of it, the district ranks as the leading least developed district of province of Sindh in terms of per capita income and living standard.

The major source of lighting in housing unit is electricity 76.29 percent housing units in urban area and 28.52 percent in rural area use electricity as source of lighting. The majority of people of rural area are deprived of the provision of electricity and more than 70 percent housing units use Kerosene oil as a source of lighting in rural area. This situation needs immediate improvement and provision of electricity especially in rural area of the district.

The use of wood as fuel for cooking purpose is at alarming stage in the share of wood as fuel for cooking is 93.64 percent followed by Kerosene oil 3.52 percent and only 0.41 percent housing units use gas. In urban area, the major source of cooking fuel is also wood 49.83 percent followed by gas 21.97 percent and 3.92 percent Kerosene oil. Overall the wood consumption as a fuel in the district is very high 90.74 percent. This situation will badly disturb forest, trees and environment. The immediate steps should be taken to provide the energy efficient technologies so that forest and trees could be saved because they are fundamental agents for the better environment.

Firewood and timber consumption for heating, cooking and household construction in semi-urban and rural communities of Badin put excessive pressures on forest and forest products; besides their negative impacts on health specially women and children, economy of the household and environment related problems. Generally people of the area lack awareness on the usage of energy efficient products and technologies

The proposed project is designed to contribute to GEF small-grants programme thematic areas of (a) climate change efforts, b) energy efficiency and conservation (c) sustainable use of natural resources besides its impact on gender mainstreaming, poverty reduction and strengthening partnership among civil society organizations and communities.
LDA is working the same area for last eight years and it has developed a strong social network in the area and is well aware of the needs of communities.
GEF Small Grants funds will be utilized properly for the implementation of project activities. Funds would be auditable and can be checked at any time by the supporting agency and UNDP and AKPBS, P. LDA would maintain all the necessary accounting and financial statements and will share with UNDP/GEF secretariat accordingly.



3. Context/Baseline (not more than 300 words)

Union Council Bughra Memon of Taluka Badin is the coastal area of Badin District with approximate population of 11,387 living in 141 villages in union council. World Bank carried out Socio-economic Study in coastal areas of Badin and Thatta in 2005, which shows that the people of coastal belt of Sindh are highly vulnerable to the social services. Almost 100% population uses wood for the purpose of cooking, heating and construction purposes and on average every household consumes 11-12 kg of wood for cooking and heating purpose daily, which is putting negative impact on biodiversity conservation, and averagely each household spends about Rs. 8000-1000 annually on fuel wood. Excessive usage of fuel wood on one hand puts negative impact on biodiversity of the area and on other hand endangers the health of women and children particularly and men generally due to carbon emission in the environment and in house.

Different surveys and researches conducted by different organization indicate that the depleting sources of biodiversity have posed threats to the local livelihoods at risk and vulnerability.

Normally houses are made of thatched including mud and Bamboo and there is no proper ventilation system in houses and kitchen as well. Kitchen and houses remains full with smoke during cooking and heating times, which ultimately affects the women and children, as they remain more time around the stove and in smoky environment inside the house. List of village is given as Annex 2

4. Project Objective and Proposed Activity (not more than 600 words)

The proposed activity/project will replicate the well-known energy efficient technologies of UNDP/GEF and AKPBS of district Thatta. Proposed activity in collaboration with UNDP/GEF SGP and AKPBS would embark on a strategic initiative to develop capacities at the local level for the mass replication of the energy efficient products and approaches.

Objectives and proposed activities

Objective 1: introduction and promotion of Energy Efficient Technologies and plantation of trees in 15 villages of U/C Bughra Memon by 2007

Activity:
o Selection of villages
o Developing union council profile on the basis of baseline data
o installation of approximately 750 demo units of BACIP Energy Efficient products like stoves, Muhafiz, Fanoos and Bio gas plants in 15 villages of Union Council Bughra Memon

Objective 2: Demonstrating low cost energy efficient housing techniques/approaches

Activity:
o installation of 2 demo units low cost housing units using arch foundation and pyramidal rood
o construction of 15 compost latrines as demo units in 15 villages

Objective 3: Bringing attitudinal changes in the community members regarding environmental health and indoor air pollution in 15 coastal villages

Activity:
o organizing collective community meetings
o formation of 15 community organizations
o plantation of 1000 trees as development of green belt in the proposed villages
o organizing sensitization session on health and hygiene with the female community members

Objective 4: Awareness raising and capacity building of community members, local government representatives, media, CBOs on sustainable use of energy and environmental health

Activity:
o organizing consultative meetings with elected representatives
o training of 20 entrepreneurs/artisans
o organizing Road shows, village level publicity workshops in 15 villages
o organizing U/C level seminar on the project products and its impact
o organizing district level Environmental Sensitization workshop
o development of IEC Material and distribution in the area

5. Project Strategy (not more than 600 words)

Project will seek support of Aga Khan planning and Building Service, Pakistan as technical partner of the project. Soon after approval of the project, a project office will be established in Badin town to enable major stakeholders to visit easily. Project staff will be recruited through advertising in local newspapers and an interview committee comprising members of AKPBS and LDA would appoint experienced staff for the project. Project staff would principles of participatory development to initiate project in 15 villages. Villages will be selected on the basis of selection criteria, generally villages with more than 50 households, population using fuel wood and vulnerable at social services would be selected for the direct implementation of project.

Social mobilization process will be started in the villages and Village Organizations (male and female) with more than 70% involvement of community members will be formed in the targeted area. Project will work in partnership with the Village Organizations. Females will particularly be involved in the activities like involvement in trainings and village level publicity workshops and participation in health and hygiene education. After completion of social mobilization process artisans/entrepreneurs will be trained under the project to start installation of energy efficient products in the villages. Pre and post study on the installation of products will be conducted and lessons learnt, challenges and problems will be shared with the UNDP/GEF and AKPBS

An external evaluator will be hired for the final evaluation of project and its impact on the livelihoods of coastal communities, report will be shared with the major stakeholders in project closing ceremony.

5.1 Coordination with NGOs/LGIs/Media

A project coordination committee will be formed involving representatives of local government, elected representatives, government officials, AKPBS, Pakistan, NGOs and media to guide the project and monitor its activities on quarterly basis.




5.2 Role of Recipient Organization:

Larr Development Association (LDA) will mainly be responsible for the overall implementation and management of the project including recruitment of the project staff, office establishment, financial management and accounting and monitoring of the project activities, and be responsible for programmatic and financial reporting to the donor.

5.3 Role of partner organizations:

Aga Khan Planning and Building Service, Pakistan will be the technical partner of LAD, it will provide:
· On site training of staff members
· Field Monitoring
· Mid Term and Project end Evaluation
· Training of entrepreneurs/artisans
· Record keeping and documentation

LDA will sign terms of partnership after signing of agreement with UNDP.

5.4 Sustainability of the project

The sustainability of project is very visible from the objectives which tend that the project will transfer the skills and knowledge to local organizations and build capacities for conducting such projects locally in future. In all, 15 village organizations will be formed in the targeted villages. The members, bearers and villagers will be trained and mobilized on the project processes and products to continue to the interventions after completion of the project. At least 20 Entrepreneurs/artisans will be trained during the project implementation on the manufacturing and installation of project products for further extension of products to controlling villages. These local entrepreneurs and local artisans will further sustain the products to other villages. In this way, the energy efficient technologies would further be expanded.

5.5 Relationship to other GEF funded project

The similar type of projects “Environmental Up-gradation through community participation” and “Conserving Energy and Promoting Environmental Sustainability” have been implement by Sindh Agricultural and Forestry Worker Coordinating Organization (SAFWCO) and AKPBS in taluka Kharochan and Ghorabari & Keti Bunder Taluka respectively in district Thatta and BDRO, BRDS and PFF in District Badin Both the projects are funded by GEF.

7. Anticipated Results (not more than 300 words)

Indicate impacts on participants/beneficiaries:

Along with the successful demonstration of GEF-AKPBS products in the area, project will lead to impacts as follows;

7.1 Related to Humans

o Health Impact: General improvement in health of women, children, men and the elderly’ because of better in-house and surrounding environmental conditions causing decreased incidence of disease.
o Social Impacts: increased social cohesiveness and access of the community to adopt energy efficient products and replicate them

o Economic and Financial impacts: General increase in living standard of trained entrepreneurs by increased income in service and sales, and replication in other areas. General increase in community households’ disposal income through savings on heating, cooking and health related expenses, and reduction of unemployment.

7.2 Related to Environment

o Land related impacts: General increase in forest productivity through reduced use of wood and timber for energy.
o Air related impacts: General improvement in quality of air through reduction in CO, CO2 and other gaseous emissions, and more forests to act as sinks

7.3 Demonstration Value

Project design revolves around the demonstration of livelihood improvement products to conserve energy in the shape of installation of energy efficient products.

7.4 Experience value

Lessons learnt during the implementation of project will be shared in the consultative meeting and seminars at provincial and district level. Experiences will be documented as ready reference for the future interventions.

7.5 Potential risks

The targeted area is prone to sudden onset disasters such as cyclone and flood. Such mishap can create hindrances in achieving stipulated objectives and time frame.
 

Project Snapshot

Grantee:
Larr Development Association
Country:
Pakistan
Area Of Work:
Climate Change Mitigation
Operational Phase:
Phase 3
Grant Amount:
US$ 49,335.38
Co-Financing Cash:
Co-Financing in-Kind:
US$ 17,451.28
Project Number:
PAK/OP3/06/26
Start Date:
12/2006
End Date:
11/2007
Status:
Satisfactorily Completed
Project Characteristics and Results
Promoting Public Awareness of Global Environment
Public awareness would be raised regarding the negative impact of excessive usage of wood on the biodiversity of the area as well as the health risks associated with carbon emissions from burning of wood.
Gender Focus
Since an attitude change is required in the community at large, both male and female members would be involved. Female members would particularly be involved in training and village level publicity workshops as well as health and hygiene education.
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Grantee Contact

Mr. Ghulam Hussain Mallah
Phone: 0297-737235
Fax: 0297-745586
Email: ldabadin@yahoo.com
 

Address

Larr Development Association, Near shahnawaz Chowk, Ali Medical Center Street
Badin ,

SGP Country office contact

Mr. Chatro Khatri
Phone:
+92-22-2108073
Fax:
+92-22-2108074
Email:

Address

House # 144, Defence Officers Housing Society, Phase 1
Hyderabad, 71000

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